A SELF-BALANCED CLUSTERING TREE FOR SEMANTIC-BASED IMAGE RETRIEVAL
Keywords:SBIR, image retrieval, similar image, C-Tree, Ontology
The image retrieval and semantic extraction play an important role in the multimedia systems such as geographic information system, hospital information system, digital library system, etc. Therefore, the research and development of semantic-based image retrieval (SBIR) systems have become extremely important and urgent. Major recent publications are included covering different aspects of the research in this area, including building data models, low-level image feature extraction, and deriving high-level semantic features. However, there is still no general approach for semantic-based image retrieval (SBIR), due to the diversity and complexity of high-level semantics. In order to improve the retrieval accuracy of SBIR systems, our focus research is to build a data structure for finding similar images, from that retrieving its semantic. In this paper, we proposed a data structure which is a self-balanced clustering tree named C-Tree. Firstly, a method of visual semantic analysis relied on visual features and image content is proposed on C-Tree. The building of this structure is created based on a combination of methods including hierarchical clustering and partitional clustering. Secondly, we design ontology for the image dataset and create the SPARQL (SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language) query by extracting semantics of image. Finally, the semantic-based image retrieval on C-Tree (SBIR\_CT) model is created hinging on our proposal. The experimental evaluation 20,000 images of ImageCLEF dataset indicates the effectiveness of the proposed method. These results are compared with some of recently published methods on the same dataset and demonstrate that the proposed method improves the retrieval accuracy and efficiency.
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