• Khang Sy Dinh PhD., Chemical Engineer
  • Hung Phuoc Duong Engineer of Sustainable Development
  • Tuấn Đình Phan Editor for Environment, Professor of Chemical Engineering




Life cycle assessment, environmental impacts, biodiesel, jatropha, waste cooking oil.


Biodiesel that is produced from renewable resources has been rising as a promising candidate to replace conventional energy. Vietnam, with a large amount of land used in agriculture or forestry, has advantaged conditions to produce and develop renewable energy from biomass resources. However, developing biodiesel from agricultural product may affect food security significantly. Therefore, Jatropha that is inedible and waste cooking oil (WCO) could be suitable to biodiesel production. One of the most important aims of using biodiesel to replace fossil diesel is to reduce environmental impacts, particularly impact on Climate Change. It is necessary to analyze the environmental performance of biodiesel through the entire life cycle. In this paper, life cycle assessment of biodiesel production and use was applied to measure the environmental performance of biodiesel produced from jatropha oil and WCO under Vietnam conditions. Some main emissions, such as CO2, NOx, PM, CH4, VOC and land use, were computed through a cradle-to-grave analysis. The result shows that when using Jatropha biodiesel to replace diesel, global warming potential (GWP) and photochemical oxidant formation potential (POFP) could be improved, but some other impacts, such as acidification potential (AP) and eutrophication potential (EP), could tend to increase. The environmental impacts of WCO biodiesel are all reduced in comparison with fossil diesel.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Khang Sy Dinh, PhD., Chemical Engineer

Hochiminh City Univercity of Natural Resources and Environment

Hung Phuoc Duong, Engineer of Sustainable Development

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

Tuấn Đình Phan, Editor for Environment, Professor of Chemical Engineering

Hochiminh City Univercity of Natural Resources and Environment



Tsoutsos, T., Kouloumpis, V., Zafiris, T., & Foteinis, S. (2010). Life Cycle Assessment for biodiesel production under Greek climate conditions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 18(4), 328-335.

Kumar, S., Singh, J., Nanoti, S. M., & Garg, M. O. (2012). A comprehensive life cycle assessment (LCA) of Jatropha biodiesel production in India. Bioresource Technology, 110, 723-729.

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam (2008). Approval of the scheme: Research, development and usage products of Jatropha Curcas L. in Vietnam in the period from 2008 to 2015 and a vision to 2025. Decision No.1842/2008/QD-BNN-LN of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam 2008.

Prueksakorn, K., Gheewala, S. H., Malakul, P., & Bonnet, S. (2010). Energy analysis of Jatropha plantation systems for biodiesel production in Thailand. Energy for Sustainable Development, 14(1), 1-5.

Lam, M. K., Lee, K. T., & Mohamed, A. R. (2009). Life cycle assessment for the production of biodiesel: a case study in Malaysia for palm oil versus jatropha oil. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 3(6), 601-612.

Khang, D. S., Tan, R. R., Uy, O. M., Promentilla, M. A. B., Tuan, P. D., Abe, N., & Razon, L. F. (2017). Design of experiments for global sensitivity analysis in life cycle assessment: the case of biodiesel in Vietnam. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 119, 12-23.

Lee, K. M., & Inaba, A. (2004). Life cycle assessment: best practices of ISO 14040 series. Center for Ecodesign and LCA (CEL), Ajou University.

Thinh, P. P. (2011). Researching and developing Jatropha as feedstock for biodiesel production. Project No. 257.10.RD/HD-KHCN, Vietnam.

Wenzel, H. (1998). Application dependency of LCA methodology: key variables and their mode of influencing the method. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 3(5), 281-288.

Song X, Yu J. (2003). Study on cost of oil processing. China Oils and Fats, 28, 62–4.

Li C, Jiang L, Cheng S. (2005). Biodiesel: green energy resource. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press.

IEA, Global Engagement, Key Stats for Vietnam, 1990-2016. (http://www.iea.org/statistics/statisticssearch/report/?year=2010&country=VIETNAM&product=electricityandheat)

Sheehan, J., Camobreco, V., Duffield, J., Graboski, M., Shapouri, H. (1998). Life Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel for use in an urban Bus, Final Report, NREL/SR_580-24089. US Dept. of Agriculture and US Dept. of Energy

Woods, J., Brown, G., Gathorne-Hardy, A., Sylvester-Bradley, R., Kindred, D., Mortime, N. (2008). Facilitating Carbon (GHG) Accreditation Schemes for Biofuels: Feedstock Production. Biofuel Assurance Report. HGCA Project MD-0607-0033. Part 1. London, UK.

Buratti, C., Moretti, E., Fantozz, F. (2010). Assessing the GHG emissions of rapeseed and soybean biodiesel in compliance to the EU renewable energy direct methodology for biofuels. University of Perugi, 18th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Lyon, France.

IPCC, 2006. IPCC Emission Factor Database, Volume 3, Chapter 3.

Nanaki, E. A., & Koroneos, C. J. (2012). Comparative LCA of the use of biodiesel, diesel and gasoline for transportation. Journal of Cleaner Production, 20(1), 14-19.




How to Cite

Dinh, K. S., Duong, H. P., & Phan, T. Đình. (2019). ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ASSESSMENT OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM JATROPHA AND WASTE COOKING OIL (WCO). Vietnam Journal of Science and Technology, 57(5), 606. https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/57/5/13371