Manuscript structure

Authors are encouraged to download a VJST-Template to refer for paper preparation before submission to the journal.

Manuscripts  should  generally  be  arranged  in  the  following  order:  title  page,  abstract,  introduction,  materials  and methods, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgements, and references. Papers in the technological fields may follow rules different from the above but must remain logical.

Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line


Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations

Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available.

Corresponding author

Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Present/permanent address

If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


The abstract is a concise, abbreviated version of the paper which tells the reader whether the paper is worth reading at all; it must therefore be informative with respect to aim, methods, procedures, results, discussion, and conclusion.  An abstract should not exceed 250 words.


Immediately after the abstract, provide from three to five keywords (separated by comma, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').


The  introduction  should follow the key words and should be as brief as possible; it should concern itself with a clear justification for the work  undertaken  and  the  underlying  theory  and  hypothesis;  a  short  review  of  literature  in  the  field  of study  is obligatory although any exhaustive review properly belongs to the discussion section.

Materials and Methods

This section describes concisely the methodology/procedures employed so that anyone wishing to replicate the trial can do so and obtain comparable results. Provide  sufficient  detail  so  as to  remove  any  possible  ambiguities  with  respect  to design, treatments,  measurements,  analysis,  etc. Where methods employed are commonly known in a given field details should be omitted and the reference given instead. Modifications to known methodology must however be clearly described and explained.

Results and Discussion

This section describes clearly the observations made and their concise interpretation. Results should be presented in tables and/or figures whenever possible, but should be clearly explained in the text taking care to avoid unnecessary repetition of tabular data. Information presented in tables should not be repeated in figures, or vice versa. Standard deviations/errors help the reader to follow the trend of results and should be supplied whenever appropriate. The discussion should include references to earlier or contemporary literature relevant to the topic studied; this way, a reviewer can decide on the merits of the manuscript.

Formulas, Illustrations and Figures

Mathematical symbols and formula should be typed clearly and all equations must be numbered consecutively on the right-hand side of each equation. VJST prints its papers in black. So, if colored illustrations or/and figures are submitted, be sure that they will be well resolved in the printed version.


Each reference in the ‘Reference List’ should be numbered according to the order of appearance in the main text. References in languages other than English must be referred to by an English translation. Style file for Endnote is available.

Reference to a journal publication

References to a published paper must include the names of all the authors, the title of the paper, the abbreviated journal name, the volume in boldface, the issue number in parentheses, the year of publication in parentheses, and the first-last pages number or the article number. Example:

Thanh D. T. M., Nam P. T., Phuong N. T., Que L. X., Anh N. V., Hoang T., Lam T. D. - Controlling the electrodeposition, morphology and structure of hydroxyapatite coating on 316L stainless steel. Mater. Sci. Eng. C, 33 (2013) 2037-2045.

Journal abbreviations source Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word

Reference to a book:

References to a book must include the names of all the authors, the title, the name of the publisher, the place of the publisher and the year of publication in parentheses. Example:

Brittain H. G. – Polymorphism in pharmaceutical solids, Marcel Dekker Inc, New York (1999).

Reference to a conference/workshop proceeding:

References to conference/workshop proceedings must include the names of all the authors, the name of the conference/workshop, the name of the publisher, the year of publication in parentheses and the first-last pages of the cited work. 

 Choi P., Tomida T., Maehara Y., Uehara M. and Hirosawa S. - Proceedings of the 2nd Pacific Rim Conference on advanced materials and processing, Elsevier (1995) 1401-1406.

Reference to a website:

Cancer Research UK,. Cancer statistics for the UK. (accessed 20 October 2021).

Note: Length limits for short communication, research and review papers are of 3, 13 and 20 printed pages, respectively.


Permission is needed from the rights holder (either from publisher or author) to use or reproduce previously published, copyrighted materials (e.g. figures, charts, tables, photographs). Authors are requested to provide all the permission of re-use approval documents at the time of submitting their manuscript to the journal. Please write “Reproduced with permission from the (journal name) journal [Ref.]” in caption of each re-used work.