An Executive Review of Sludge Pretreatment Techniques
Keywords:anaerobic digestion, waste activated sludge, sludge pretreatment, biological pretreatment, thermal pretreatment
Anaerobic digestion of sludge has been an efficient and sustainable technology for sludge treatment but the low microbial conversion rate of its first stage requires sludge pretreatment, such as biological (aerobic, anaerobic conditions), thermal, mechanical (ultrasonication, lysis-centrifuge, liquid shear, grinding), and chemical (oxidation, alkali, acidic pretreatment, etc.) techniques. This work aims at presenting a review and a short comparison of these common sludge pretreatment techniques, serving the selection of the most suitable technique for lab scale research and for subsequent actual application.
How to Cite
Vietnam Journal of Sciences and Technology (VJST) is an open access and peer-reviewed journal. All academic publications could be made free to read and downloaded for everyone. In addition, Articles are published under term of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA) Licence which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited & ShareAlike terms followed.
Copyright on any research article published in VJST is retained by the respective author(s), without restrictions. Authors grant VAST Journals System (VJS) a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. Upon author(s) by giving permission to VJS either via VJS journal portal or other channel to publish their research work in VJS agrees to all the terms and conditions of https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ License and terms & condition set by VJS.
Authors have the responsibility of to secure all necessary copyright permissions for the use of 3rd-party materials in their manuscript.