Novel of comparison between 3d high definition maps created by photogrammetry and laser scanning applied for an autonomous vehicle
Keywords:Autonomous Vehicle, Point Cloud map, Velodyne, HD map
In this paper, based on the selected mathematical algorithm, the performing of two methods for building high-resolution 3D maps that are Photographmetry and Laser scanning was analyzed to find out the advantages and disadvantages of each one. The results showed that the high-resolution map constructed by using lidar was more accurate and detailed, whereas the map constructed by using images with coordinates was more intuitive. A mapping method using lidar-camera fusion was proposed in which the detailed roads are created by Lidar and the rest area built by optical imaging method.
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