Preparation and properties of rubber nanocomposites based on natural rubber/ ethylene propylene diene monomer reinforced with nanosilica, carbon black and barium sulfate

Authors

  • Khang Do Quang
  • Quang Tran Huu
  • Do Trung Sy Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Nguyen Tien Dung Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Tran Huu Huy Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Nguyen Thi Diep Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Pham Quynh Trang Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Pham Cong Nguyen Institute of Science and Technology, Ministry of Public Security, No. 47, Pham Van Dong, Dich Vong, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/16751

Keywords:

nanocomposite, NR/EPDM blend, modified nanosilica, carbon black, sulfate barium

Abstract

In this work, rubber nanocomposites based on natural rubber/ethylene propylene diene monomer (NR/EPDM) blends and reinforced with nanosilica (NS) in combination with carbon black (CB) and barium sulfate (BS) were prepared by melt blending method in a Brabender internal mixer. The appropriate contents of NS and CB for reinforcing the rubber nanocomposites based on NR/EPDM are 10 and 30 phr (parts per hundred rubber), respectively. The NR/EPDM nanocomposites material reinforced with 10 phr NS and 30 phr CB has the best mechanical properties that with the enhancement of tensile strength over 117% and 40 % compared to that of the NR/EPDM nanocomposite material unreinforced and reinforced with only 10 phr NS, respectively. The appropriate content of BS for replacement of CB in the NR/EPDM blend is 6 phr. The rubber nanocomposite based on NR/EPDM (60/40) blend reinforced with 10 phr NS, 24 phr CB and 6 phr BS has a tight structure, high mechanical properties, and especially, high alkali resistance and heat resistance, abrasion resistance and low endogenous heat due to rotation and friction. This material may be used to manufacture technical rubber products that require heat resistance and stability in alkaline environments, such as conveyor belts used in the cement industry.

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Published

2022-08-31

How to Cite

[1]
K. Do Quang, “Preparation and properties of rubber nanocomposites based on natural rubber/ ethylene propylene diene monomer reinforced with nanosilica, carbon black and barium sulfate”, Vietnam J. Sci. Technol., vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 652–663, Aug. 2022.