Flavonoids isolated from the flowers of Camellia chrysantha
Keywords:Camellia chrysantha, Theaceae, catechin, epicatechin, quercetin, quercetin-3-O-methyl ether, kaempferol.
Camellia chrysantha (the golden camellia, golden tea) is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree belonging to the family Theaceae. The flowers and the leaves of this plant are used as tea and drank for its health benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical constituents of the flowers of Camellia chrysantha. Five flavonoids were isolated from the flowers of Camellia chrysantha (Theaceae), including (+)-catechin (1), (-)-epicatechin (2), quercetin (3), quercetin-3-O-methyl ether (4) and kaempferol (5). Their chemical structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis and by comparison with those reported in the literature. Among five compounds, compounds 4 was isolated for the first time from this species.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species – Camellia chrysantha, 2018-1
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