Geo-chemical fractionations of arsenic and lead in the surface sediments of Thuy Trieu lagoon, Khanh Hoa province

Le Hung Phu, Dao Viet Ha, Pham Hong Ngoc, Nguyen Hong Thu, Le Trong Dung, Vo Tran Tuan Linh
Author affiliations


  • Le Hung Phu Journal of Marine Science and Technology
  • Dao Viet Ha
  • Pham Hong Ngoc
  • Nguyen Hong Thu
  • Le Trong Dung
  • Vo Tran Tuan Linh



Arsenic, lead, fractionations, sediment, Thuy Trieu lagoon.


The sequential extraction method of Tessier et al. was applied to identify the phase associations of As and Pb in the surface sediment of Thuy Trieu lagoon. The results showed that these two metals were mainly found in the residual fractions. Meanwhile, the carbonate fractions stayed at the lowest portions. Levels of arsenic and lead as Fe-Mn oxide fractions were higher than those as organic fractions and exchangeable fractions. Exchangeable fractions and carbonate fractions of two elements seemed to increase in rainy season. Generally, the mobility of Pb was higher than that of As. In the sediments of Thuy Trieu lagoon, Pb levels cannot currently cause adverse effects on the ecosystems. On the contrary, the risk of As was assessed as moderate level.


Download data is not yet available.


Tessier, A., Campbell, P. G., and Bisson, M., 1979. Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals. Analytical Chemistry, 51(7), 844–851.

Chapman, P. M., Wang, F., Janssen, C., Persoone, G., and Allen, H. E., 1998. Ecotoxicology of metals in aquatic sediments: binding and release, bioavailability, risk assessment, and remediation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55(10), 2221–2243.

Lin, Y. C., Chang-Chien, G. P., Chiang, P. C., Chen, W. H., and Lin, Y. C., 2013. Multivariate analysis of heavy metal contaminations in seawater and sediments from a heavily industrialized harbor in Southern Taiwan. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 76(1–2), 266–275.

Tchounwou, P. B., Yedjou, C. G., Patlolla, A. K., and Sutton, D. J., 2012. Heavy metal toxicity and the environment. EXS, 101, 133–164.

Burton, E. D., Phillips, I. R., and Hawker, D. W., 2006. Factors controlling the geochemical partitioning of trace metals in estuarine sediments. Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal, 15(3), 253–276.

Luoma, S. N. (1990). Processes affecting metal concentrations in estuarine and coastal marine sediments. Heavy metals in the marine environment, 124.

Yuan, C. G., Shi, J. B., He, B., Liu, J. F., Liang, L. N., and Jiang, G. B., 2004. Speciation of heavy metals in marine sediments from the East China Sea by ICP-MS with sequential extraction. Environment International, 30(6), 769–783.

Ma, X., Zuo, H., Tian, M., Zhang, L., Meng, J., Zhou, X., Min, N., Chang, X., and Liu, Y., 2016. Assessment of heavy metals contamination in sediments from three adjacent regions of the Yellow River using metal chemical fractions and multivariate analysis techniques. Chemosphere, 144, 264–272.

Abollino, O., Malandrino, M., Giacomino, A., and Mentasti, E., 2011. The role of chemometrics in single and sequential extraction assays: a review: part I. Extraction procedures, uni-and bivariate techniques and multivariate variable reduction techniques for pattern recognition. Analytica Chimica Acta, 688(2), 104–121.

Vu Duc Loi, Le Lan Anh, Trinh Anh Duc, Tran van Huy, Pham Gia Mon, Nicolas Prieur, Jörg Schäfer, Gilbert Lavaux, Gerard Blanc, 2005. Speciation of haevy metals in sediement of Nhue and To Lich rivers. Journal of Chemistry, 43(5), 600–604.

Zhao, S., Feng, C., Yang, Y., Niu, J., and Shen, Z., 2012. Risk assessment of sedimentary metals in the Yangtze Estuary: new evidence of the relationships between two typical index methods. Journal of hazardous materials, 241, 164–172.

Morelli, G., and Gasparon, M., 2014. Metal contamination of estuarine intertidal sediments of Moreton Bay, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 89(1–2), 435–443.

Sundaray, S. K., Nayak, B. B., Lin, S., and Bhatta, D., 2011. Geochemical speciation and risk assessment of heavy metals in the river estuarine sediments - a case study: Mahanadi basin, India. Journal of hazardous materials, 186(2–3), 1837–1846.

Lê Thị Vinh, Nguyễn Thị Thanh Thuỷ, Tống Phước Hoàng Sơn, Dương Trọng Kiểm, Nguyễn Hồng Thu, Phạm Hữu Tâm, Phạm Hồng Ngọc, 2010. Chất lượng trầm tích đầm Thị Nại, tỉnh Bình Định. Tạp chí Khoa học và Công nghệ biển, 10(4), 1–13.

Lê Thị Vinh, 2014. Chất lượng môi trường trầm tích đầm Nại, tỉnh Ninh Thuận. Tạp chí Khoa học và Công nghệ biển, 14(1), 59–67.

Hou, D., He, J., Lü, C., Ren, L., Fan, Q., Wang, J., and Xie, Z., 2013. Distribution characteristics and potential ecological risk assessment of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd) in water and sediments from Lake Dalinouer, China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 93, 135–144.

Tessier, A., and Campbell, P. G. C., 1987. Partitioning of trace metals in sediments: Relationships with bioavailability. Hydrobiologia, 149(1), 43–52.

Hansen, L. S., and Blackburn, T. H., 1991. Aerobic and anaerobic mineralization of organic material in marine sediment microcosms. Marine ecology progress series. Oldendorf, 75(2), 283–291.

Benson, N. U., Udosen, E. D., Essien, J. P., Anake, W. U., Adedapo, A. E., Akintokun, O. A., Fred-Ahmadu, O. H., and Olajire, A. A., 2017. Geochemical fractionation and ecological risks assessment of benthic sediment-bound heavy metals from coastal ecosystems off the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean. International Journal of Sediment Research, 32(3), 410–420.

Gao, X., and Chen, C. T. A., 2012. Heavy metal pollution status in surface sediments of the coastal Bohai Bay. Water research, 46(6), 1901–1911.

Hakanson, L., 1980. An ecological risk index for aquatic pollution control. A sedimentological approach. Water Research, 14(8), 975–1001.




How to Cite

Phu, L. H., Ha, D. V., Ngoc, P. H., Thu, N. H., Dung, L. T., & Linh, V. T. T. (2019). Geo-chemical fractionations of arsenic and lead in the surface sediments of Thuy Trieu lagoon, Khanh Hoa province. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 19(4A), 93–101.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>