Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by biochar derived from rice husk

Authors

  • Huyen Thuong Bui University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Phuong Thu Le University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Thu Phuong Nguyen Institute for Tropical Technology, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Duy Ngoc Le University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Dieu Linh Vo University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Le Anh Pham University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Luong Lam Nguyen University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Thi Hue Nguyen Institute of Environmental Technology, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam 4Graduate University of Science and Technology, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Tuan Vinh Le 1-Graduate University of Science and Technology, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2-UMR 5566 LEGOS, Université de Toulouse, IRD, CNES, CNRS, UPS, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
  • Mai Huong University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Thi Mai Thanh Dinh 1-University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2-Institute for Tropical Technology, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Marine Herrmann 1-University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2-UMR 5566 LEGOS, Université de Toulouse, IRD, CNES, CNRS, UPS, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
  • Sylvain Ouillon 1-University of Science and Technology of Hanoi, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2-UMR 5566 LEGOS, Université de Toulouse, IRD, CNES, CNRS, UPS, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
  • Thi Thuy Duong 1-Institute of Environmental Technology, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2-Graduate University of Science and Technology, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam 5UMR 5566 LEGOS, Université de Toulouse, IRD, CNES, CNRS, UPS, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
  • Thi Phuong Quynh Le Institute of Natural Products Chemistry, VAST, Hanoi, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/2615-9783/16998

Keywords:

Biochar, Methylene blue, adsorption, rice husk

Abstract

In this research, rice husk-derived biochar (BC) was evaluated to determine the suitable conditions for the methylene blue (MB) solution adsorption. The characterization of BC was identified by the methods of FT-IR, Raman, and point of zero charges (PZC). The adsorption studies were carried out with BC at different activation conditions (raw BC, HNO3 25% for 4 hours, NaOH 25% for 4 hours, H2O at 90°C for 2 hours and 4 hours, HNO3 25% at 90°C for 2 hours and 4 hours). The activated material then went through an adsorption assessment. Activated BC with NaOH 25% showed its preeminence compared to the other six conditions when reaching the maximum efficiency after the first hour of adsorption. The investigation revealed that the adsorption capacity of the material depends on the activation methods, including pH, activation agent, temperature, and time. The adsorption of BC was consistent with the pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the Langmuir isotherm model, with high correlation coefficients (R2: 0.9838 and 0.9975, respectively). Therefore, it can be concluded that the use of rice husk is feasible for the removal of MB from aqueous solutions.

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Published

2022-03-15

How to Cite

Bui Thuong, H., Le Phuong, T., Nguyen Thu, P. ., Le Ngoc, D., Vo Dieu, L., Pham Le, A., Nguyen Lam, L., Nguyen Thi, H., Le Vinh, T., Mai, H., Dinh Thi Mai, T., Herrmann, M. ., Ouillon, S. ., Duong Thi, T., & Le Thi Phuong, Q. (2022). Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by biochar derived from rice husk. Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences, 44(2), 273–285. https://doi.org/10.15625/2615-9783/16998

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