Seismic activity characteristics in the East Sea area

Vu Thi Hoan, Ngo Thi Lu, Rodkin M. V., Nguyen Quang, Phan Thien Huong
Author affiliations


  • Vu Thi Hoan Institute of Geophysics, (VAST), Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Ngo Thi Lu Institute of Geophysics, (VAST), Hanoi, Vietnam Graduate University of Science and Technology, (VAST), Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Rodkin M. V. International Institute of Earthquakes Prediction Theory and Mathermatical Geophysics, RAS, Moscow
  • Nguyen Quang Vietnam Union of Geological Sciences
  • Phan Thien Huong Hanoi University of Mining and Geology



Seismic activity, macximum earthquake magnitude, earthquake catalog, the East Sea, Generalized Extreme Value distribution - GEV


In this paper, seismic activity characteristics in the East Sea area was analyzed by authors on the base of the unified earthquake catalog (1900-2017), including 131505 events with magnitude 3 ≤ Mw ≤ 8.4. The seismic intensity in the East Sea during the period 1900-2017 is characterized by the earthquake representative level Mw = 4.7. The strong earthquake activity in the East Sea area clearly shows the regularity in each stage. In the period from 1900 to 2017, the East Sea area has four periods of strong earthquake activity, each stage is nearly 30 years with particular characteristics. The distribution of the maximum earthquake quantities by years has a cyclicity in all four periods. In each stage there are 1-2 strong earthquakes with Mmax ≥ 8.0. The strong earthquakes with Mmax ≥ 7.5 have occurred by a repeatable rule of 3-5 years in all four stages. This allows the prediction of the maximum earthquake repeat cycle of Mmax ≥ 7.5 in the study area is 3-5 years. In other hand, the maximum magnitude values for the East Sea region has assessed by GEV method with several different predict periods (20, 40, 60, 80, 100 years), with predicted probability 80%. We concluded that it is possible that earthquake have Mmax = 8.7 will occur in next 100 years.


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How to Cite

Hoan, V. T., Lu, N. T., V., R. M., Quang, N., & Huong, P. T. (2018). Seismic activity characteristics in the East Sea area. Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences, 40(3), 240–252.




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