Orientation of marine spatial planning in Vietnam

Tran Duc Thanh, Dang Hoai Nhon, Nguyen Van Thao, Cao Thi Thu Trang, Vu Duy Vinh, Duong Thanh Nghi, Nguyen Dang Ngai
Author affiliations


  • Tran Duc Thanh Institute of Marine Resources and Environment, VAST, Vietnam
  • Dang Hoai Nhon Institute of Marine Resources and Environment, VAST, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Van Thao Institute of Marine Resources and Environment, VAST, Vietnam
  • Cao Thi Thu Trang Institute of Marine Resources and Environment, VAST, Vietnam
  • Vu Duy Vinh Institute of Marine Resources and Environment, VAST, Vietnam
  • Duong Thanh Nghi Institute of Marine Resources and Environment, VAST, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Dang Ngai Institute of Marine Resources and Environment, VAST, Vietnam




Marine spatial planning, framework, steps, hierarchy, Vietnam.


Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) in Vietnam has an ecosystem-based approach. It allocates and designs a balanced and rational marine space for sustainable marine development for economic, social, and ecological purposes. The four primary targets of the MSP are related to socio-economic development, ensuring national defense - security, rights and interests at sea; ecological balance maintenance and environment protection; sustainable marine management. MSP is defined to 2030, with a vision to 2050, based on five viewpoints and ten basic principles. The MSP framework consists of 10 basic activities: Strengthening institutions and policies to create a legal corridor; organizing and enhancing the capacity of management to implement MSP; establishing financial sources and mechanisms for MSP; participation of stakeholders and scientists; establishment of MSP; appraise and approve the MSP; licensing and revocation of licenses to use marine space; harmonize and minimize conflicts of interest in the maritime area use; MSP monitoring and evaluation; MSP adjustment. These activities are arranged in a 5-step cycle. According to MSP, the allocation of marine space is classified into four main groups of use sectors: Marine economic development, conservation, and protection of nature; particular use; reserved area. Depending on the MSP levels, the sectors of marine spatial use can be divided in more detail. MSPs are proposed to be decentralized into three groups: National, regional, and local. Each MSP level has an accompanying planning map at an appropriate scale. Each MSP level has relevant authorities responsible for establishment, submission, approval and implementation.


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How to Cite

Tran, D. T., Dang, H. N., Nguyen , V. T., Cao Thi , T. T., Vu, D. V., Duong, T. N., & Nguyen , D. N. (2021). Orientation of marine spatial planning in Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 21(4), 375–392. https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/16855




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