Sponge’s biodiversity in the limestone islands in Vietnam sea

Authors

  • Do Cong Thung Institute of Marine Environment and Resources, VAST, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Dang Ngai Institute of Marine Environment and Resources, VAST, Vietnam
  • Le Thi Thuy Institute of Marine Environment and Resources, VAST, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/15307

Keywords:

Sponges, limestone island, species, biomass.

Abstract

In 2017, 2018 and 2020, sponge samples were collected at 41 points in the waters surrounding Vietnam’s coastal limestone islands (Bai Tu Long, Ha Long bay, Cat Ba and Ba Lua archipelago). Research results have identified 54 species belonging to 33 genera, 24 families of Demosponge class distributed in this area. Ha Long bay area has the highest number of species (53 species), followed by Cat Ba (46 species), Bai Tu Long 19 species; Ba Lua archipelago (Kien Giang) has the least number of species (3 species). Sponges are concentrated in coral reefs with the highest number of species (48 species) and the lowest in the mud and sand bottom (4 species). Biomass of sponges varies from 0.2–1.5 kg/m2. There are 11 sites with high biomass, which have the potential to become Vietnam’s medicinal drug area. 

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Published

2020-12-29

How to Cite

Thung, D. C., Ngai, N. D., & Thuy, L. T. (2020). Sponge’s biodiversity in the limestone islands in Vietnam sea. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 20(4), 417–425. https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/15307

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