DIVERSITY OF ECHINODERMS (ECHINODERMATA) IN THE NORTH EASTERN ISLANDS, VIETNAM

Authors

  • Do Cong Thung Institute of Environment and Marine Resources, VAST, Vietnam
  • Dao Minh Dong Bach Long Vi Marine Protected Area Management Board, Hai Phong, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/13232

Keywords:

Echinoderms, Northeast islands, first discovered, diverse, habitat, medicinal field.

Abstract

41 species have been identified, belonging to 29 genera, 18 families, 10 orders and 5 classes of Echinoderms in Northeast islands, from Mong Cai (Quang Ninh) to Do Son (Hai Phong). Compared to previous publications, 15 species were first identified in the Tonkin Gulf. The diversity of species numbers shows that Oreasteridae and Holothuriidae have the highest number of species (5 species/family), similarly the genus Holothuri has the highest species number (5 species). Ha Long Bay - Cat Ba has 33 species; Co To - Thanh Lan has 24 species and Bai Tu Long has 25 species. Echinoderms live in three habitats: Sand, coral, reef. The highest number of species is living in the sandy bottom and coral reefs, 39% and the lowest number only about 10% in coral reefs and reef. Van Boi, Van Ha, Da Den, Bac Van, Hong Van have high density of Echinoderms, potentially becoming marine medicine yards.

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References

Do Cong Thung, 2014. Zoobenthic survey procedures. Process of investigation and survey of marine resources and environment. Publishing House for Science and Technology. Pp. 211–240.

Zhang Feng Kinh et al., 1964. Echinoderms of China. Science Publishing House, 142 p.

Clark, A. M., 1971. Monograph of shallow-water Indo-West Pacific echinoderms. Trust. Br. Mus.(Nat. Hist.), Publ., 690, 1–238.

Coleman, N., 2007. Sea Stars: Echinoderms of the Asia/Indo-Pacific. Springwood Qld. 136 p.

Zulfigar, Y., Sim, Y. K., Tan, S. H., and Shirayama, Y., 2008. Field Guide to the Echinoderms (Sea Cucumbers and Sea Stars) of Malaysia. Kyoto University Press, 103 p.

Van Minh, C., Dang, N. H., Cuong, N. X., Van Kiem, P., and Huong, H. T., 2007. Bioactive constituents from marine organisms inhabiting in Vietnamese sea. Journal of Science and Technology, 45(6BD), 1–18.

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Published

03-11-2018

How to Cite

Thung, D. C., & Dong, D. M. (2018). DIVERSITY OF ECHINODERMS (ECHINODERMATA) IN THE NORTH EASTERN ISLANDS, VIETNAM. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 18(3), 296–303. https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/13232

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