Landslide susceptibility mapping using Forest by Penalizing Attributes (FPA) algorithm based machine learning approach

Tran Van Phong, Hai-Bang Ly, Phan Trong Trinh, Indra Prakash, Dao Trung Hoan
Author affiliations


  • Tran Van Phong Institute of Geological Sciences, Vietnam Academy of Sciences and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Hai-Bang Ly University of Transport Technology, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
  • Phan Trong Trinh Institute of Geological Sciences, Vietnam Academy of Sciences and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Indra Prakash Department of Science & Technology, Bhaskarcharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics (BISAG), Government of Gujarat, Gandhinagar 382002, India
  • Dao Trung Hoan Center for Information and Archives and Journal of Geology (CIAJG)



Landslide susceptibility mapping, machine learning, AUC, ROC, GIS, Vietnam


Landslide susceptibility mapping is a helpful tool for assessment and management of landslides of an area. In this study, we have applied first time Forest by Penalizing Attributes (FPA) algorithm-based Machine Learning (ML) approach for mapping of landslide susceptibility at Muong Lay district (Vietnam). For this aim, 217 historical landslides locations were identified and analyzed for the development of FPA model and generation of susceptibility map. Nine landslide topographical and geo-environmental conditioning factors (curvature, geology/lithology, aspect, distance from faults, rivers and roads, weathering crust, slope, and deep division) were utilized to construct the training and validating datasets for landslide modeling. Different quantitative statistical indices including Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the performance of the model. The results indicate that the predictive capability of the FPA is very good for landslide susceptibility mapping on both training (AUC = 0.935) and validating (AUC = 0.882) datasets. Thus, the novel FPA based ML model can be utilized for the development of accurate landslide susceptibility map of the study area and this approach can also be applied in other landslide prone areas.


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How to Cite

Phong, T. V., Ly, H.-B., Trinh, P. T., Prakash, I., & Hoan, D. T. (2020). Landslide susceptibility mapping using Forest by Penalizing Attributes (FPA) algorithm based machine learning approach. Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences, 42(3), 237–246.

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