Gravity terrain correction for mainland territory of Vietnam

Pham Nam Hung, Cao Dinh Trieu, Le Van Dung, Phan Thanh Quang, Nguyen Dac Cuong
Author affiliations


  • Pham Nam Hung Institute of Geophysics, VAST
  • Cao Dinh Trieu Institute for Applied Geophysics, VUSTA
  • Le Van Dung Institute of Geophysics, VAST
  • Phan Thanh Quang Institute of Geophysics, VAST
  • Nguyen Dac Cuong Institute of Geophysics, VAST



Terrain correction, Bouguer gravity anomaly.


Terrain corrections for gravity data are a critical concern in rugged topography, because the magnitude of the corrections may be largely relative to the anomalies of interest. That is also important to determine the inner and outer radii beyond which the terrain effect can be neglected. Classical methods such as Lucaptrenco, Beriozkin and Prisivanco are indeed too slow with radius correction and are not extended while methods based on the Nagy’s and Kane’s are usually too approximate for the required accuracy. In order to achieve 0.1 mGal accuracy in terrain correction for mainland territory of Vietnam and reduce the computing time, the best inner and outer radii for terrain correction computation are 2 km and 70 km respectively. The results show that in nearly a half of the Vietnam territory, the terrain correction values ≥ 10 mGal, the corrections are smaller in the plain areas (less than 2 mGal) and higher in the mountainous region, in particular the correction reaches approximately 21 mGal in some locations of northern mountainous region. The complete Bouguer gravity map of mainland territory of Vietnam is reproduced based on the full terrain correction introduced in this paper.


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How to Cite

Hung, P. N., Trieu, C. D., Dung, L. V., Quang, P. T., & Cuong, N. D. (2017). Gravity terrain correction for mainland territory of Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 17(4B), 145–150.