Biodiversity and characteristic of octocoral communities (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea and Gorgonacea) in Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Area, Quang Nam province


  • Hoang Xuan Ben Institute of Oceanography, VAST, Vietnam
  • Thai Minh Quang Institute of Oceanography, VAST, Vietnam



Soft coral, Alcyonacea, Gorgonacea, diversity, Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Area.


The article showed the biodiversity and characteristic of Octocoral communities in Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Area (MPA). A total of 165 samples were collected and identified as material of the Octocorals from 9 survey sites of Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Area. The material represents 45 taxa belonging to 12 genera and seven families. Among them, Sinularia genus has the highest diversity with 19 species, Sarcophyton with 8 species and Lobophytum with 6 species. The other genera have one or two species. The diversity of Octocorals species in Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Area is quite high after Nha Trang and Ly Son MPAs. Soft coral cover in Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Area is the highest with average coverage 21.2% (±7.0 SE) compared with other MPAs of Vietnam. Distribution of Octocorals in Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Area is mainly at 4–6 m (average coverage obtained 30%) and the cover decreases to the end of reef distribution. Our results showed that there are two distinguishing assemblages of Octocoral communities whose differences are the distribution characteristics, dominance of genera and species diversity.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Allen, G. R., and Steene, R., 1994. Indo-Pacific coral reef field guide. Singapore: Tropical Reef Research. 378 p.

Fabricius, K., and Alderslade, P., 2001. Soft corals and sea fans: a comprehensive guide to the tropical shallow water genera of the central-west Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Australian Institute of Marine Science.

Bayer, F. M., 1981. Key to the genera of Octocorallia exclusive of Pennatulacea (Coelenterata: Anthozoa), with diagnosis of new taxa. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 94(3), 902–947.

Hickson, S., 1919. Sur quelques specimen d’un Alcyonium d’Annam. Bull. Soc. Zool. France. Vol. XLIV.

Stiasny, G., 1938. Franzosisch Indochina Gesammelten Gorgornarien. Mémories de Muséum National D‟ histoire Naturelle. Nouvelle série, 6, 356–68.

Dawydoff, C., 1952. Contribution a l'etude des invertebres de la faune marine benthique de l'Indochine. Bulletin Biologique de la France et de la Belgique, supplement, (37), 1–158.

Tixier-Durivault, A., 1970. Les octocoralliaires de Nha-Trang (Viet-Nam). Cahiers du Pacifique, 14, 115–236.

Malyutin, A. N., 1990. Two new species of Sinularia (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) from south Vietnam. Asian Marine Biology, 7(1990), 9–14.

Vo, S. T., Yet, N. H., and Alino, P. M., 1997. Coral and Coral reefs in the North of Spratly Archipelago-the Results of RP-VN JOMSRE-SCS 1996. In Proc. Sci. Conf. RP-VN JOMSRE-SCS (Vol. 96, pp. 87–101).

Hoang Xuan Ben, 2010. Soft Corals (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) in Nha Trang Bay: Species Diversity and Distributional Patterns. Scientific Conference 35th Anniversary of Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology. 275–279. (in Vietnamese).

Dautova, T. N., and Savinkin, O. V., 2009. New data on soft corals (Cnidaria: Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) from Nha Trang bay, South China Sea. Zootaxa, 2027(1), 1–27.

Hung, T. Q., Yet, N. H., Dautova, T. N., and Van Ken, L., 2010. Species composition of soft coral family (alcyoniidae) In con co island, quang tri province, Vietnam. Marine Biodiversity of East Asian Seas: Status, Challenges and Sustainable Development.

Hoang Xuan Ben, Dautova, T. N., 2010. Soft corals (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) in Ly Son island; the central of Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 10(4), 39–49.

Dautova, T. N., van Ofwegen, L. P., and Savinkin, O. V., 2010. New species of the genus Sinularia (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) from Nha Trang bay, South China Sea, Vietnam. Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, 84(5), 47–91.

Dau Van Thao, Nguyen Dang Ngai, 2013. New data on the species composition of soft corals in Cat Ba, Hai Phong city. Collection of Marine Resources and Environment, 17, 178–182. (in Vietnamese).

Dautova, T. N., and Savinkin, O. V., 2013. Octocorallia: Alcyoniidae. Benthic fauna of the Bay of Nha Trang, Southern Vietnam (Vol. 3). Moscow, KMK, 271 p.

DeVantier, L., Turak, E., Al-Shaikh, K., and De ath, G., 2000. Coral communities of the central-northern Saudi Arabian Red Sea. Fauna of Arabia, 18, 23–66.

Dinesen, Z. D., 1983. Patterns in the distribution of soft corals across the central Great Barrier Reef. Coral reefs, 1(4), 229–236.

Fabricius, K., and De’ath, G., 2000. Biodiversity on the Great Barrier Reef: large-scale patterns and turbidity-related local loss of soft coral taxa. In Oceanographic Processes of Coral Reefs (pp. 147–164). CRC Press.

Fabricius, K. E., and McCorry, D., 2006. Changes in octocoral communities and benthic cover along a water quality gradient in the reefs of Hong Kong. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52(1), 22–33.

English, S., Wilkinson, C., and Baker, V., 1994. Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resources, ASEAN-Australia Marine Science Project: Living Coastal Resources. Townsville, Australian Institute of Marine Science. 368 p.

Verseveldt, J., 1980. A revision of the genus Sinularia May (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 179(1), 1–128.

Verseveldt, J., 1982. A Revision Of The Genus Sarcophyton Lesson (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 192(1), 1–91.

Verseveldt, J., 1983. A revision of the Genus Lobophytum von Marenzeller (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 200(1), 1–103.

van Ofwegen, L. P., 1996. Octocorallia from the Bismarck Sea (part II). Zoologische Mededelingen, 70(13), 207–215.

van Ofwegen, L. P., 2008. The genus Sinularia (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) at Palau, Micronesia. Zoologische Mededelingen, 82(51), 631–735.

Clarke, K. R., Clarke, K. R., Gorley, K. N., Clarke, K., and Gorley, R., 2006. PRIMER v6: user manual/tutorial.

Vo Si Tuan (Eds.), Nguyen Huy Yet and Nguyen Van Long, 2005. Coral reefs of Vietnam. Science and Technics Publishing House, Ho Chi Minh city, pp. 212.

Hoang Xuan Ben, Hua Thai Tuyen, Phan Kim Hoang, Nguyen Van Long and Vo Si Tuan, 2015. The status, trend and recovery of coral reef biodiversity in Nha Trang bay. Collection of Marine Research Works, 21(2), 176–187.

Hoang Xuan Ben, Nguyen Van Long, Hua Thai Tuyen, Phan Kim Hoang and Thai Minh Quang, 2018. Biodiversity and characteristics of coral reef communities in Ly Son Marine Protected Area, Quang Ngai province. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 18(2), 150–160.

Nguyen Van Long, Hoang Xuan Ben, Phan Kim Hoang, Nguyen An Khang, Nguyen Xuan Hoa and Hua Thai Tuyen, 2008. Marine biodiversity and resources of coral reefs in Phu Quoc. Scientific Conference on “Bien Dong 2007”. pp. 291–306.




How to Cite

Ben, H. X., & Quang, T. M. (2020). Biodiversity and characteristic of octocoral communities (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea and Gorgonacea) in Cu Lao Cham Marine Protected Area, Quang Nam province. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 19(4), 589–599.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>