Seasonal change in growth rate, carrageenan yield and quality from the red alga (Kappaphycus striatus) cultivated in Cam Ranh bay

Authors

  • Le Dinh Hung Nhatrang Institute of Technology Research and Application-Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
  • Le Thi Hoa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/1811-4989/18/4/14700

Keywords:

Carrageenan yield, Environmental factors, Gel strength, Growth rate, Kappaphycus striatus

Abstract

The red alga Kappaphycus striatus was cultivated at Camranh Bay, KhanhHoa, Vietnam. For a 30 day cultivation period, the alga showed the higher growth rate (4.1 - 5.8 % day-1) from October 2014 to April 2015 and in September 2015, while the lower growth rate (2.5 - 3.1 % day-1) was found from May to August 2015. The carrageenan quality was done for a 60-day cultivation period, the carrageenan yield and gel strength showed little variation with the higher values (28.1 - 28.7 % and 855 - 935 g cm-2, respectively) obtained from November 2014 to March 2015 and lower ones (25.1 - 26.7 % and 555 - 758 g cm-2, respectively) from April to September 2015. The data on moisture content of alga (33.5 - 36.8 %), clean anhydrous algal/salt ratio (0.92 - 1.07), and carrageenan yield obtained in this study fulfilled those of standards for carrageenophytes. This study shows that the red alga K. striatus can be grown in the tropical waters of the Camranh Bay during the northeast monsoon and a part of the southwest monsoon as a source of materials for carrageenan production.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Le Dinh Hung, Nhatrang Institute of Technology Research and Application-Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology

Studies on structures, functions, and applications of lectins from marine algae, aiming at the developments of medicines (anticancer, antiviral agents), diagnosis of disease (probes for carbohydrates and cells), and healthy marine foods

References

Ali MM, Sani MZB, Hi KK, Yasir SM, Critchley AT, Hurtado AQ (2018) The comparative efficiency of a brown algal-derived biostimulant extract (AMPEP), with and without supplemented PGRs: the induction of direct, axis shoots as applied to the propagation of vegetative seedlings for the successful mass cultivation of three commercial strains of Kappaphycus in Sabah, Malaysia. J Appl Phycol 30: 1913-1919.

Critchley AT, Largo D, Wee W, Bleicher-Lhonneur G, Hurtado AQ, Schubert J (2004) Apreliminary summary on Kappaphycus farming and the impact of epiphytes. Jpn J Phycol 52: 231-232.

Dawes CJ, Lluisma AO, Trono GC (1994) Laboratory and field growth studies of commercial strains of Eucheuma denticulatum and Kappaphycus alvarezii in the Philippines. J Appl Phycol 6: 21-24.

De Paula EJ, Pereira RTL, Ohno M (2002) Growth rate of carrageenophyte Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Gigardinales) introduced in subtropical waters of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Phycol Res 50: 1-9.

De Paula EJ, Pereira RTL (2003) Factors affecting growth rates of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty ex P. Silva (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae) in subtropical waters of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. In: Proceedings of the XVII International Seaweed Symposium (ed. by A.R.O. Chapman, R.J Anderson, V. Vreeland & I. Davison). Oxford University Press, NewYork pp: 381-388.

Gerung GS, Ohno M (1997) Growth rates of Eucheuma denticulatum (Burman) Collins et Harvey and Kappaphycus striatum (Schmitz) Doty under different conditions in warm waters of southern Japan. J Appl Phycol 9: 413-415.

Glenn EP, Doty MS (1990) Growth of seaweeds Kappaphycus alvarezii, K. striatum and Eucheume denticulatum as affected by environment in Hawaii. Aquaculture 84: 245–255.

Glenn EP, Doty MS (1992) Water motion affects the growth rates of Kappaphycus alvarezii and related seaweeds. Aquaculture 108: 233-246.

Goés HG, Reis RP (2012) Temporal variation of the growth, carrageenan yield and quality of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) cultivated at Sepetiba Bay, southeastern Brazilian coast. J Appl Phycol 24: 173-180.

Hayashi L, de Paula EJ, Chow F (2007) Growth rate and carrageenan analyses in four strains of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) farmed in the subtropical waters of São Paulo State, Brazil. J Appl Phycol 19: 393-399.

Hurtado-Ponce AQ (1992) Cage culture of Kappaphycus alvareziivar. tambalang (Gigartinales, Rhodophyceae). J Appl Phycol 4: 311-313.

Hurtado AQ, Agbayani RF, Sanares R, Castro-Mallare MTR (2001) The seasonality and economic feasibility of cultivating Kappaphycus alvarezii in Panagatan Cays, Caluya, Antique Philippines. Aquaculture 199: 295-310.

Hurtado AQ, Critchley AT, Trespoey A, Bleicher-Lhonneur G (2006) Occurrence of Polysiphonia epiphytes in Kappaphycus farms at Calaguas Is., Camarines Norte, Philippines. J Appl Phycol 18: 301-306.

Hurtado AQ, Critchley AT, Trespoey A, Bleicher-Lhonneur G (2008) Growth and carrageenan quality of Kappaphycus striatum var. sacol grown at different stocking densities, duration of culture and depth. J Appl Phycol 20: 551-555.

Hurtado AQ, Gerung GS, Yasir S, Critchley AT (2014) Cultivation of tropical red seaweeds in the BIMP-EAGA region. J Appl Phycol 26: 707–718.

Iskandar A, Syam R, Trijuno DD, Rahmi D (2013) Content of carrageenan, chlorophyll a and carotenoid of Kappaphycus alvarezii cultivated in different seawater depth Laikang Village, District of Mangarabombang, Takalkar Regency. J Appl Biotechnol 2: 1–9.

Le Dinh Hung, Hori K, Huynh Quang Nang, Tran Kha, Le Thi Hoa (2009) Seasonal changes in growth rate, carrageenan yield and lectin content in the red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii cultivated in Camranh Bay, Vietnam. J Appl Phycol 21: 265-272.

Le Dinh Hung, Hirayama M, Bui Minh Ly, Hori K (2015) Biological activity, cDNA cloning and primary structure of lectin KSA-2 from the cultivated red alga Kappaphycus striatum (Schmitz) Doty ex Silva. Phytochem Lett 14: 99-105.

Mairh OP, Zodape ST, Tewari A, Rajaguru MR (1995) Culture of marine red alga Kappaphycus striatum (Schmitz) Doty on the Saurashtra region, west coast of India. Indian J Mar Sci 24: 24-31.

McHugh, D.J., 2006. The seaweed industry in the Pacific islands. ACIAR Working

Paper No. 61.

Munoz J, Freile-Pelegrín Y, Robledo D (2004) Mariculture of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae) color strains in tropical waters of Yucatán, México. Aquaculture 239: 161-177.

Ohno M, Largo DB, Ikumoto T (1994) Growth rate, carrageenan yield and gel properties of cultured kappa-carrageenan producing red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty in the subtropical waters of Shikoku, Japan. J Appl Phycol 6: 1-5.

Ohno M, Nang HQ, Hirase S (1996) Cultivation and carrageenan yield and quality of Kappaphycus alvarezii in the waters of Vietnam. J Appl Phycol 8: 431-437.

Parsons TR, Maita Y, Lalli CM (1984) A manual of chemical and biological methods of seawater analysis. Pergamon Press, Oxford 173 pp.

Periyasamy C, Anantharaman P, Balasubramanian T, Subba Rao PV (2014) Seasonal variation in growth and carrageenan yield in cultivated Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty on the coastal waters of Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu. J Appl Phycol 26: 803-810.

Santos GA (1989) Carrageenans of species of Eucheuma J. Agardh and Kappaphycus Doty (Solieriaceae, Rhodophyta). Aquat Bot 36: 55-67.

Subba Rao PV, Kumar KS, Ganesan K, Thakur MC (2008) Feasibility of cultivation of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) Doty at different localities on the northwest coast of India. Aquaculture 39: 1107-1114.

Trono GC, Ohno M (1989) Seasonality in the biomass production of Eucheuma strains in northern Bohol, Philippines. In: Umezaki, I. (Ed.), Scientific Survey of Marine Algae and their Resources in the Philippine Islands. Monbushio International Scientific Research Program, Japan, pp: 71-80.

Zuldin WH, Yassir S, Shapawi R (2016) Growth and biochemical composition of Kappaphycus(Rhodophyta) in customized tank culture system. J Appl Phycol 28: 2453-2458.

Yuan HM, Song JM (2005) Preparation, structural characterization and in vitro antitumor activity of kappa-carrageenan oligosaccharide fraction from Kappaphycus striatum. J Appl Phycol 17: 7-13.

Yuan HM, Song JM, Li XG, Li N, Liu S (2011) Enhanced immunostimulatory and antitumor activity of different derivatives of κ-carrageenan oligosaccharides from Kappaphycus striatum. J Appl Phycol 23: 59-65.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-24

Issue

Section

Articles