Pore water pressure accumulation and settlement of clays with a wide range of Atterberg’s limits subjected to multi-directional cyclic shear

Tran Thanh Nhan, Hiroshi Matsuda
Author affiliations


  • Tran Thanh Nhan University of Sciences, Hue University, 77 Nguyen Hue, Hue, Vietnam
  • Hiroshi Matsuda Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Ube, Yamaguchi, 755-8611, Japan




Atterberg’s limits, cyclic shear, pore water pressure, post-cyclic settlement


In this study, normally consolidated specimens on four clays with a wide range of Atterberg’s limits were tested by applying several series of undrained multi-directional cyclic shear followed by drainage. The cyclic shear tests were carried out under the shear strain amplitudes (γ = 0.05%-2.00%), number of cycles n = 200 and the phase difference θ = 90o. Then the accumulation of cyclic shear-induced pore water pressure and the post-cyclic settlement in strain (εv, %) were observed and discussed. In conclusion, it is clarified that the pore water pressure ratio (Udyn/σvo) increases with g and the soils with higher Atterberg’s limits show lower Udyn/σvo, and under the multi-directional cyclic shear strain at γ > 0.4%, Hue clay and Kaolinite clay with relatively low plasticity suffer from cyclic failure. In addition, the post-cyclic settlement has a tendency of decreasing with the Atterberg’s limits in the range of plasticity index from Ip = 25.5 to 63.8, meanwhile when Ip < 25.5, different tendencies were observed e.g., Hue clay (with lower Ip) shows a smaller settlement compared with those on Kaolin (with higher Ip). Furthermore, the threshold number of cycles (ntp) and cumulative shear strain (G*tp) for pore water pressure buildup were then clarified.


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How to Cite

Nhan, T. T., & Matsuda, H. (2020). Pore water pressure accumulation and settlement of clays with a wide range of Atterberg’s limits subjected to multi-directional cyclic shear. Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences, 42(1), 93–104. https://doi.org/10.15625/0866-7187/42/1/14761