Coral reef fishes in the coastal waters of Ninh Thuan province

Authors

  • Mai Xuan Dat Institute of Oceanography, VAST, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Van Long Institute of Oceanography, VAST, Vietnam
  • Phan Thi Kim Hong Institute of Oceanography, VAST, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/15656

Keywords:

Coral reef fishes, Ninh Hai, Phuoc Dinh, Ca Na, Ninh Thuan, Vietnam.

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the species composition and distribution of coral reef fish communities at 24 sites in three areas Ninh Hai, Phuoc Dinh, and Ca Na in Ninh Thuan province from 2018 to 2019. A total of 301 species belonging to 131 genera and 49 families of coral reef fishes were recorded. Among them, the wrasse (Labridae: 55 species), the damselfish (Pomacentridae: 46 species) and the butterflyfish (Chaetodontidae: 26 species) occupy the three highest proportion. The average density of coral reef fish in coastal waters of Ninh Thuan province is 106.8 ± 23.4 individuals/100 m2, most of them are small sized fish and ornamental fish groups. Ninh Hai has a higher species richness and density than other areas. Meanwhile, Ca Na and Phuoc Dinh have the two highest densities of the large sized fish and food target fish groups. This research also points out the impact of monsoon on the density and distribution of coral reef fish, in which Ninh Hai is most affected.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] Vo Si Tuan, Nguyen Huy Yet, Nguyen Van Long, 2005. Coral reefs of Viet Nam. Science and Technnics Publishing Housse, Hanoi, 212 p. (in Vietnamese).

[2] Nguyen Van Long, 2009. Coral reef fishes in the coastal waters of South-Central Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 9(3), 38–66.

[3] Nguyen Thanh Huy and Nguyen Van Long, 2013. Species composition and distribution of fish communities on intertidal zone of Ninh Hai, Ninh Thuan province. Proceedings of the International Conference on “Bien Dong 2012”, pp. 46–57. (in Vietnamese).

[4] Nguyen Van Long and Nguyen Huu Phung, 1997. Coral reef fishes resources around Cu lao Cau island, Binhthuan province. Proceeding of 1st National Conference of Marine Biology, pp. 141–151. (in Vietnamese).

[5] English, S., Wilkinson, C., and Baker, V., 1997. Survey manual for tropical marine resources (No. 333.952 S9).

[6] Hodgson, G., and Waddell, S., 1997. International reefcheck core method. University of California at Los Angeles.

[7] Carcasson, R. H., 1977. Field guide to the coral reef fishes of the Indian and West Pacific Oceans. Collins.

[8] Randall, J. E., Allen, G. R., & Steene, R. C. (1998). Fishes of the great barrier reef and coral sea. University of Hawaii Press.

[9] Myers, R. F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes: a practical guide to the identification of the coral reef fish of the tropical central and western Pacific. Coral Graphics. Guam, 298 p.

[10] Kuiter, R. H., 1992. Tropical reef-fishes of the weastern Pacifuc Indonesia and adjacent waters. Penerbit PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta, 314 p.

[11] Allen, G. R., and Werner, T. B., 2002. Coral reef fish assessment in the ‘coral triangle’of southeastern Asia. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 65(2), 209–214. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020093012502.

[12] Allen, G. R., Steene, R., Humann, P., and Deloach, N., 2003. Reef fish identification: tropical Pacific. New World Publications Incorporated.

[13] Eschmeyer, W. N., 1998. Catalog of fishes, Vol. 1, 2, 3. Published by the California Academy of Sciences, USA: 2269. 13.

[14] Ferreira, C. E. L., Floeter, S. R., Gasparini, J. L., Ferreira, B. P., and Joyeux, J. C., 2004. Trophic structure patterns of Brazilian reef fishes: a latitudinal comparison. Journal of Biogeography, 31(7), 1093–1106. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2004.01044.x.

[15] Nguyen Van Long and Vo Si Tuan, 2014. Status of coral reefs in the coastal waters of Viet Nam: 2014. In: Status of coral reefs of East Asian Seas Region: 2014 (Tadashi et al., (eds.)). Ministry of the Environment of Japan, pp. 187–216.

[16] Nguyen Van Long, 2013. Coral reef fishes in the coastal waters of Phu Yen province. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 13(1), 31–40.

[17] Nguyen Van Long, 2016. Status and temporal changes in reef fish communities in Ly Son Marine Protected Area, Quang Ngai province. Collection of Marine Research Works, 22, 111–125. (in Vietnamese).

[18] Nguyen Van Long and Mai Xuan Dat, 2020. Characteristics of fish fauna in marine ecosystems in the World Biosphere Reserve of Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 20(1), 105–120.

[19] Satapoomin, U., 2000. A preliminary checklist of coral reef fishes of the Gulf of Thailand, South China Sea. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 48(1), 31–54.

[20] Bui Hong Long, 2009. Upwelling in Vietnam Sea. Publishing House for Science and Technology, Hanoi, 212 p. (in Vietnamese).

[21] Pham Van Thom, 1997. Chemical characteristics of strong upwelling along the coast of South Central Vietnam. “Proceedings of strong upwelling studies along the coast of South Central Vietnam”. Science and Technnics Publishing Housse, Hanoi, pp. 88–99. (in Vietnamese).

Downloads

Published

2021-04-11

Issue

Section

Articles