PSSA- INTERNATIONAL SOLUTION TO PROTECT THE BIODIVERSITY IN HA LONG BAY - CAT BA MARINE AREA

Authors

  • Du Van Toan Vietnam Institute of Seas and Islands, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Le Duc Dat Vietnam Institute of Seas and Islands, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Phan Nguyen Hai Ha Vietnam Maritime Administration, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Tran Thi Tu Anh Vietnam Maritime Administration, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Le Tuan Anh Vietnam Maritime Administration, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Do Duc Tien Vietnam Maritime Administration, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Le Vu Khanh Vietnam Maritime Administration, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Dao Huu Hieu Vietnam Maritime Administration, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Trinh Thi Thuong Thuong Vietnam Maritime Administration, Hanoi, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/13241

Keywords:

PSSA, Vietnam Sea, marine biodiversity, Ha Long - Cat Ba, international shipping, oil spill.

Abstract

A Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) is an important management tool for biodiversity protection of a marine area. At the time of designation of a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area, an associated protective measure, which meets the requirements of the appropriate legal instrument establishing such measure, must have been approved or adopted by IMO to prevent, reduce, or eliminate the threat or identified vulnerability. Information on each of the Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSAs) that has been designated by IMO is available on the nautical chart. The Vietnam’s coastal zones and islands are the isolated oceanic habitat of extremely rich marine life in very good condition which is important to the maintenance and dispersal of the marine life of the western tropical Pacific. Vietnam coastal areas are very high risk areas affected by maritime activities, particularly international shipping, therefore in the future identification of some Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSAs) is necessary. The first Particularly Sensitive Sea Area for Vietnam in Ha Long - Cat Ba was initially proposed in this paper.

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References

Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSA), 2017. http://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/ Environment/PSSAs/Pages/Default.aspx.

Vietnam Maritime Administration, 2016. Report of study on the Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) Ha Long bay - Cat Ba. 41 p. IMO/NORAD/UNDP.

Du Van Toan, 2012. Theoretical and practical properties to define and identify the Particularly Sensitive Sea Area - PSSA in Vietnam. Final report of research at MONRE; (158 p). Reserved at MOST and MONRE.

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UNESCO, 1994. Nomination form of Ha Long-Vietnam. 260 p. http://whc.unes-co.org/uploads/nominations/672bis.pdf

Do Cong Thung (Editor), 2009. Additional ground for planning and managing the MPA of Co To and Cat Ba. Part 1: Cat Ba area. Research Institute for Marine Fishery. Hai Phong. 201 p.

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Published

03-11-2018

How to Cite

Toan, D. V., Dat, L. D., Ha, P. N. H., Anh, T. T. T., Anh, L. T., Tien, D. D., Khanh, L. V., Hieu, D. H., & Thuong, T. T. T. (2018). PSSA- INTERNATIONAL SOLUTION TO PROTECT THE BIODIVERSITY IN HA LONG BAY - CAT BA MARINE AREA. Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 18(3), 304–311. https://doi.org/10.15625/1859-3097/13241

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