Influence of Reaction Temperature on Optical Property of Mn-Doped ZnS Nanoparticles

Bui Hong Van, Pham Van Ben, Hoang Nam Nhat
Author affiliations


  • Bui Hong Van Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
  • Pham Van Ben Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
  • Hoang Nam Nhat University of Engineering and Technology, Vietnam National University, Hanoi



Mn-doped ZnS, photoluminescence, photoluminescence excitation, absorption spectra


The reaction temperature has essential effect on quality of the product synthesized by hydrothermal method. We report here the variation of the optical characteristics of Mn-doped ZnS nanocrystallites prepared by mean of the stated method from Zn(CH$_{3}$COO)$_{2}$.2H$_{2}$O, Mn(CH$_{3}$COO)$_{2}$.4H$_{2}$O and Na$_{2}$S$_{2}$O$_{3}$.5H$_{2}$O as the precursors. The reaction temperature was set to vary from 120\r{}C to 240\r{}C at a constant reaction time of 15 hours. The XRD patterns showed that, for the reaction temperature range from 120 to 160\r{}C, the obtained products possessed a cubic $T_d^2 - F\overline 4 3m$ and a wurtzite $C_{6v}^4 - P6_3 mc$structure, in which the cubic phase was dominant. At the temperature range from 180 to 240\r{}C, the structures exhibited a cubic phase with the lattice constant increased from 5.41 to 5.43 {\AA}. The photoluminescence spectra showed that with the increase of reaction temperature from 120 to 240\r{}C the intensity of a blue band around 425 - 500 nm (attributed to both Zn, S vacancies) gradually decreased while the intensity of a yellow-orange band at 585 nm (attributed to the $^{4}$T$_{1}(^{4}$G) - $^{6}$A$_{1}(^{6}$S) transition of Mn$^{2 + }$ ions) was enhanced and reached maximum at 220\r{}C. The excitation spectra of the 585 nm band recorded at 160\r{}C showed a band at 335 nm which should be assigned to the near band-edge absorption. With increasing temperature to 200-240\r{}C the new bands appeared at 390, 430, 467, 494 nm. The intensity of these bands increased with temperature and achieved the maxima at 220\r{}C. They should be attributed to the absorption transitions of electrons from ground state $^{6}$A$_{1}(^{6}$S) to excited states$^{ 4}$E($^{4}$D); $^{4}$T$_{2}(^{4}$D); $^{4}$A$_{1}(^{4}$G) - $^{4}$E($^{4}$G); $^{4}$T$_{2}(^{4}$G) of Mn$^{2 + }$(3d$^{5})$ ions, respectively. The bands at 467, 494 nm only exposed clearly in the absorption spectra at 220\r{}C and 240\r{}C.


Download data is not yet available.


Weichen, Ramaswami Sammynaiken, Yining Huang, Jan-Olle Malm, Reine Wallenberg, Jan-Olov

Bovin, Valery Zwiller, and Nicholas A.Kotov, Journal of Applied Physics 89( 2) (2001) 1120-1129 DOI:

Daisuke ADachi, Shigeki Hasui, Toshihiko Toyama, and Hiroaki Okamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(9)

(2000) 1301 -1303

Xuan Xue, Jiafu Chen, and Yong Hu, Materials Letters 61 (2007) 115-118 DOI:

K. R.Murali and S.Kumaresan, Chacogenide Letters 6(1) (2009) 17-22

A. D. Dinsmore, D. S. Hsu, S. B. Qadri, J. O. Cross, T. A. Kenedy, H. F. Gray, and B. R. Ratnan,

Journal of Applied Physics 88(95) (2000) 4985-4993 DOI:

Changlong Jiang, Wangqun Zhang, Guifu Zou, Weicao Yu, and Yitai Qian, Materials Chemistry and

Physics 103 (2007) 24-27 DOI:

Sbiswas and Skar, Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 045710(11 pp). DOI:

Masous Salavati-Niasari, Mohammad Reza Loghman-Estarki. Fatemeh Davar, Journal of Alloys and

Compounds 475 (2009) 782-788 DOI:

Li Zhang and Liangbao Yang, Cryst. Res.Technol. 43(10) (2008) 1022-1025 DOI:

Weichen, Zhanguo Wang, Zhao Jun Lin Yan Xu, and Lanying Lin, J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 13 (1997)


Xiaosheng Fang and Lide Zhang, J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 22(6) (2006) 721-736

Zhi Gang Chen, Jin Jou, and Dai-Wei Wng, Adv. Funt. Mater. 19 (2009) 484-490 DOI:

Ying- Chun Zhu, Yoshio Bando, and Dong Feng Xue, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11) (2003) 1769-1771 DOI:

D.Denzler, M.Olschewski and K.Sattler, J. Appl. Phys. 84(5) (1998) 2841-2845 DOI:

R. N. Bhargava, D. Gallagher, X.Hong and Nurmikko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 (1994) 416-419 DOI:

Bin Xia, I. Wuled Lenggoro, and Kikuo Okuyama, Chem. Mater. 14 (2002) 4960-4974 DOI:

P. H. Borse, D. Srinivas, R. F. Shinde, S. K. Date, W. Vogel, S. K. Kulkarni, Physical Review

B60(12) (1999) 8659- 8664

M. Stefan, S. V. Nistor, D. Ghica, C. D. Mateescu, M. Nikl, and Kucerkova, Physical Review B83

(2011) 04351




How to Cite

B. H. Van, P. V. Ben and H. N. Nhat, Influence of Reaction Temperature on Optical Property of Mn-Doped ZnS Nanoparticles, Comm. Phys. 23 (2013) 75. DOI: