MnBi Magnetic Material: A Critical Review

Nguyen Van Vuong


Manganese Bismuth (MnBi) - the ferromagnetic material attracting a great interest of the world magnetic society last years. The absence of rare-earth elements in compositions, the sizable magnetocrystalline anisotropy, the room-temperature moderate but high-temperature reasonable magnetization plus the positive temperature coefficient of coercivity and the moderate Curie temperature make MnBi bulk magnets very potential for high-temperature magnet application. This bright future is a little gray because the research results in the past were not as expected. The paper summarizes the results concerning the MnBi alloys, powders and bulk magnets investigated during past 67 years. The look on the difficulties inhibiting the development of this material is given and the proposals that might allow overcoming the difficulties and push again the efforts of research towards the goal of 12 MGOe for the energy product (BH)max of MnBi bulk magnets are discussed.


MnBi; Low-temperature phase; magnetization; coercivity; energy product; bulk magnets

Full Text:


DOI: Display counter: Abstract : 439 views. PDF : 206 views.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Editorial Office:

Communications in Physics

1st Floor, A16 Building, 18B Hoang Quoc Viet Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Tel: (+84) 024 3791 7102 


Copyright by