On the behavior of nonlinear hydrodynamic coefficients of a submerged cylinder beneath the water surface
Keywords:submerged cylinder, free surface flow, two-phase mixture model, nonlinear hydrodynamic coefficient, VOF method
This study aims at numerically exploring the behavior of flow fields and nonlinear hydrodynamic coefficients of a horizontal cylinder beneath the free surface flow considering the effects of nonlinear surface waves and various cylinder shapes. The computational model is based on two-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes solvers along with the treatment of the free surface flow using the volume of fluid method. The effect of the turbulent flow is also considered by using the shear stress transport turbulence model. The simulation result of a benchmark case study of the submerged cylinder is first validated with available experiment data, where a mesh convergence analysis is also performed. Afterward, the flow fields and hydrodynamic force coefficients around the cylinder surface are analyzed, and the influences of various cylinder shapes and Reynolds numbers on the hydrodynamic coefficients are investigated. A state diagram representing the hydrodynamic behavior including stable and unstable stages is finally proposed; this is an important criterion for the practice design of submerged civil structures under the free surface flow.
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