Biofuel from vietnam heterotrophic marine microalgae: biodiesel and salvaging co-products (polyunsaturated fatty acids, glycerol and squalene) during biodiesel producing process
Keywords:Schizochytrium mangrovei PQ6, biodiesel, fatty acid methyl esters, glycerol, squalene
In this paper, we present the results relating to producing biodiesel and valuable added co- products, such us polyunsaturated fatty acids, glycerol and squalene from Vietnam heterotrophic marine microalga, Schizochytrium mangrovei, which was isolated from Phu Quoc Island, Kien Giang province, Vietnam in 2006-2008. The productivity of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from this microalga resulted in a yield of 89.2% based on algal oil and 46.7% based on algal biomass. The saturated fatty acids-SFA (biodiesel) was separated from fraction enriched in unsaturated fatty acids-PUFAs by urea complexation method at 10oC. Almost parameters of obtained biodiesel meet Vietnam Biodiesel B100 Standard. Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6ω-3) in PUFA fraction reached up 72.00% of total fatty acid. Waste glycerol from biodiesel process can be used for cultivating S. mangrovei and Spirulina platensis BM. In spent biomass after biodiesel production process, squalene was detected approximately 50.21-80.10 ± 0.03 mg/g of spent biomass. The structure of squalene in residues of the biodiesel process was confirmed from its nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. The obtained results indicated that the cost of producing biodiesel from microalgae can be reduced if we fully exploit valuable added co-products above besides biodiesel.
Citation: Dang Diem Hong, Nguyen Cam Ha, Le Thi Thom, Luu Thi Tam, Hoang Thi Lan Anh, Ngo Thi Hoai Thu, 2017. Biofuel from Vietnam heterotrophic marine microalgae: biodiesel and salvaging co-products (polyunsaturated fatty acids, glycerol and squalene) during biodiesel producing process. Tap chi Sinh hoc, 39(1): 51-60. DOI: 10.15625/0866-7160/v39n1.7129.
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Received 22 September 2016, accepted 20 March 2017