Investigation and prediction of noise pollution levels from wind turbines: A case study of Nexif Energy Ben Tre wind power plant, South Vietnam


  • Nguyen Quoc Huan Faculty of Environmental Sciences, VNU University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Tran Thien Cuong Faculty of Environmental Sciences, VNU University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Xuan Cu Faculty of Environmental Sciences, VNU University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Vu Dinh Tuan Faculty of Environmental Sciences, VNU University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Tran Minh Insitute of Regional Sustainable Development, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Ngo Van Liem Faculty of Geography, VNU University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam



Wind power, noise modeling, noise pollution, iNoise Pro modeling software


In recent years, the demand for electric power in Vietnam has increased at annual growth rates of 10% to 12%, and the challenge is to promote renewable energy sector. One of these sustainable energy sources is to harness energy from the wind through wind turbines (WTs). In fact, more wind power plants in Vietnam are continuously to be built due to the rapidly growing demand of country's industrialization and modernization process. However, a significant hindrance preventing the widespread use of WTs in Vietnam is the noise they produce, which significantly contributes to the annoyance experienced by residents living near wind farms. The prediction of noise impacts for new wind farms is one of the many aspects of the environmental impact assessment process in Vietnam as well as in the world. In addition, the determination of the 45 dBA noise contour-line is very important because it is the basis for determining the scope of the project impact according to the IFC/WB performance standards and the number of households to be relocated from the project site. The article’s main focus is therefore on the estimation and simulation of the acoustical noise produced by 18 WTs during the operation phase of Nexif Energy Ben Tre wind power plant and the background noise levels at the project site have been performed by using a combination of specific study methods such as environmental modeling (iNoise Pro modeling software), mapping and geographic information systems. The obtained results show the importance of using modeling method in quantifying the noise levels generated from 18 wind turbines of the Nexif Energy Ben Tre wind power plant met IFC standard and Vietnamese regulation on noise during day-time, but did not meet IFC standard on noise during night-time. The level of background noise measured during night-time in the project area also did not meet IFC standard. Therefore, the overall cumulative noise level exceeds the IFC standard for residential area (45 dBA only). In addition, the appropriate solutions to reduce noise levels from WTs are also proposed.


Download data is not yet available.


Alberts D.J., 2006. Primer for Addressing Wind Turbine Noise. Research report. Lawrence Technological University, 19pp.

Colin H., Hansen K.L., B. Zajamsek, 2017. The Occurrence of Nocturnal Wind Farm Rumbling Noise. 7th International Conference on Wind Turbine Noise. Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2nd-5th May, 123-130.

Di Napoli C., 2011. Wind turbine noise assessment in a small and quiet community in Finland. Noise Control. Eng. J., 59, 30-37.

Evans T., Cooper J., 2012. Comparison of predicted and measured wind farm noise levels and implications for assessments of new wind farms. Acoustics Australia, 40, 28-36.

EVN (Vietnam Electricity Group), 2021. Status of wind power development in Vietnam 2021, 19pp.

Frey B.J., Hadden P.J., 2007. Noise radiation from wind turbines installed near homes: Effects on health. Available from:

G. Guidati, J. Ostertag, S. Wagner, 2000. Prediction and reduction of wind turbine noise: an overview of research activities in Europe, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Paper 2000-0042.

Hansen C.H., Doolan C.J., Hansen K.L., 2017. Wind farm noise: measurement, assessment and control. John Wiley & Sons, 624pp.

ISO 9613-1, 1993. Acoustics - Attenuation of sound during propagation outdoors - Part 1: Calculation of the absorption of sound by the atmosphere. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva.

ISO 9613-2, 1996. Acoustics - Attenuation of sound during propagation outdoors - Part 2: General method of calculation. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva.

ISO/TR 17534-3, 2015. Acoustics - Software for the calculation of sound outdoors - Part 3: Recommendations for quality assured implementation of ISO 9613-2 in software according to ISO 17534-1. International Organization for Standardization.

Jana Fischereit, et al., 2016. Modelling tidal influence on sea breezes with models of different complexity. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 25(4), 343-355.

Krogh C., et al., 2021. A Self-Reporting Survey: Adverse Health effects, Industrial wind turbines, and the need for vigilance monitoring. Bull Sci. Technol. Soc., 334-345.

Leventhall G., et al., 2009. Prediction and assessment of wind turbine noise, Agreement about the relevant factors for noise assessment from wind energy projects. Acoustics Bulletin, 34, 35-37.

MoIT/GIZ Energy Support Programme, 2018. Guidelines on environmental and social impact assessment for wind power projects in Vietnam, 96pp.

Moller H., Pedersen C.S., 2011. Low-frequency noise from large wind turbines. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 129, 3727-3744.

MoNRE (The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment), 2010. National technical regulation on noise of Vietnam (QCVN-26:2010/BTNMT).

Nguyen K.Q., 2007. Wind energy in Vietnam: Resource assessment, development status and future implications. Energy. Policy., 35, 1405-1413.

Nguyen Thi Tuyet, Ngo Duc Thanh, Phan Van Tan, 2019. Performance of SEACLID/CORDEX-SEA multi-model experiments in simulating temperature and rainfall in Vietnam, Vietnam J. Earth Sci., 41(4), 374-387.

Nissenbaum M.A., et al., 2012. Effects of industrial wind turbine noise on sleep and health. Noise & Health, 14, 237-243.

Ofelia Jianu., Marc A. Rosen., Greg Naterer., 2011. Noise Pollution Prevention in Wind Turbines: Status and Recent Advances, 14pp.

PECC5 (Power Engineering Consulting Joint Stock Company 5), 2019. Feasibility study report of Nexif Energy Ben Tre wind power plant project, 158pp.

Pham Thi Ly, Hoang Luu Thu Thuy, 2019. Spatial distribution of hot days in north central region, Vietnam in the period of 1980-2013, Vietnam J. Earth Sci., 41(1), 36-45.

Pierpont N., 2009. Wind Turbine Syndrome: A Report on a Natural Experiment. Santa Fe, (NM): K Selected Publications.

Rogers A.L., Manwell J.F., Wright S., 2006. Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amended.

S. Oerlemans, P. Sijtsma, 2008. Location and quantification of noise sources on a wind turbine. Nationaal Lucht- en Ruimtevaartlaboratorium, National Aerospace Laboratory NLR, Netherlands, 38pp.

S. Wagner, R. Bareiss, G. Guidati, 1996. Wind Turbine Noise. Springer Verlag.

SESTEV (School of Environmental Science and Technology and ERM Vietnam), 2019. Report of existing noise levels in Thanh Hai and Thanh Phong Communes, Thanh Phu District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam, 80pp.

Tickell C.E., J.T. Ellis., M. Bastasch, 2004. Wind turbine generator noise prediction - Comparison of computer models. Proceedings of Acoustics, Gold Coast, Australia, 3-5 November 2004, 45-50.

Tran Trong Hung, Tran Anh Tu, Dang Thuong Huyen, Marc Desmet, 2019. Presence of trace elements in sediment of Can Gio mangrove forest, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam, Vietnam J. Earth Sci., 41(1), 21-35.

VG (Vietnam Government), 2015. Decision No. 2068/QD-TTg dated 25 November 2015 on the approval of renewable energy development strategy of Vietnam up to 2030 with vision to 2050, 15pp.

VG (Vietnam Government), 2016. Decision No. 428/QD-TTg dated 18 March 2016 of the Prime Minister, the approval of revisions to the national power development plan from 2011 to 2020 with visions extended to 2030, 14pp.

WHO (World Health Organisation), 2009. Night noise guidelines for Europe. Copenhagen.

WWA (World Wind Atlas), 2019. Available: (accessed on September 23, 2019).




How to Cite

Nguyen Quoc, H., Tran Thien, C., Nguyen Xuan, C., Vu Dinh, T., Tran, M. ., & Ngo Van, L. (2021). Investigation and prediction of noise pollution levels from wind turbines: A case study of Nexif Energy Ben Tre wind power plant, South Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Earth Sciences.