Performance of SEACLID/CORDEX-SEA multi-model experiments in simulating temperature and rainfall in Vietnam
Keywords:SEACLID/CORDEX-SEA, RegCM, climate downscaling, climate change, Vietnam
The study examined the performance of six regional climate experiments conducted under the framework of the Southeast Asia Regional Climate Downscaling/Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment-Southeast Asia (SEACLID/CORDEX-SEA) project and their ensemble product (ENS) in simulating temperature at 2 m (T2m) and rainfall (R) in seven climatic sub-regions of Vietnam. The six experiments were named following the names of their driving Global Climate Models (GCMs), i.e., CNRM, CSIRO, ECEA, GFDL, HADG and MPI. The observation data for the period 1986–2005 from 66 stations in Vietnam were used to compare with the model outputs. Results showed that cold biases were prominent among the experiments and ENS well reproduced the seasonal cycle of temperature in the Northeast, Red River Delta, North Central and Central Highlands regions. For rainfall, all the experiments showed wet biases and CSIRO exhibited the best. A scoring system was elaborated to objectively rank the performance of the experiments and the ENS experiment was reported to be the best.
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