The impacts of some plant protection chemical OCPs on two crustacean species \(\textit{Daphnia magna}\) and \(\textit{Moina macrocopa}\)

Tran Thi Thu Huong, Nguyen Xuan Tong, Le Hung Anh, Le Van Hau
Author affiliations


  • Tran Thi Thu Huong Faculty of Environment, Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Xuan Tong Institute of Environmental Science, Engineering and Management, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh city, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam
  • Le Hung Anh Institute of Environmental Science, Engineering and Management, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh city, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam
  • Le Van Hau Department of Fisheries Biotechnology, Biotechnology Center of Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam



D. magna, M. macrocopa, LC50, DDT, chlordane, toxicity.


DDT (Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) and chlordane are the organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) dangerous to human health and easily accumulate in biological tissues, used to control insects in crops, livestock and house protection. This study aimed to evaluate the toxicity of DDT, cis (alpha-chlordane), and trans (gamma-chlordane) on the growth of two crustaceans species Daphnia magna (D. magna) and Moina macrocopa (M. macrocopa) after 24 h and 48 h. Each test concentration selected 9 individuals of each species and repeated 4 experimental times, the study results showed that the 50% lethal concentration (LC50) of D. magna and M. macrocopa when exposed to DDT for 24 h were 20.8 μg.L-1 and 13.5 μg.L-1, respectively; after 48 h the value decreased to only 4.8 μg.L-1 and 1.7 μg.L-1. Similarly, LC50 values of cis (alpha-chlordane) on 2 species after 24 h exposure were 12.4 μg.L-1 and 11.8 μg.L-1, respectively; after 48 h were 4.6 μg.L-1 and 4.9 μg.L-1. The calculation results of LC50 when exposed to trans (gamma-chlordane) of D. magna and M. macrocopa after 24 h are 17.6 μg.L-1 and 12.4 μg.L-1, respectively; after 48 h, it decreased to 3.8 μg.L-1 and 3.7 μg.L-1 (p < 0.05). The results of the acute toxicity assessment also indicated that M. macrocopa was more sensitive to toxicity than D. magna with the same test conditions.


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How to Cite

Tran Thi, T. H., Nguyen Xuan, T., Le Hung, A., & Le Van, H. (2022). The impacts of some plant protection chemical OCPs on two crustacean species \(\textit{Daphnia magna}\) and \(\textit{Moina macrocopa}\). Vietnam Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 22(1), 95–102.