Generation of a double-crowned involute helical gear with twist-free tooth flanks by a CNC hobbing machine with three synchronous axes

Van-The Tran


In the conventional hobbing process, a double-crowned involute helical gear is generated by the hob cutter with parabolic-curve tooth profiles for the cross-profile crowning and varied the center distance between the hob and work gear for the longitudinal crowning. Therefore, to cut a double-crowned helical gear not only requires at least four synchronous axes and hob cutter regrinding (which increases production costs) but also induces twisted tooth flanks on the generated work gear. In this paper, I propose a hobbing method by applying a modified work gear rotation angle that enables double-crowning of involute helical gear's tooth flanks using a standard hob cutter and a computer numerical control (CNC) hobbing machine with only three synchronous axes. The proposed method has also verified by using two computer simulation examples to compare the meshing-conditions, contact ellipses, and transmission errors of the double-crowned gear pairs with that produced by applying the conventional hobbing method. Computer simulation results reveal the advantages of the proposed novel hobbing method.


Gear hobbing; modified rotation angle; tooth flank twist; contact ellipse; transmission error

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