Growth assessment of various formulae of essential minerals and trace elements on whiteleg shrimp at different salinities

Authors

  • Phuong Viet Do Aquaculture Division, Virbac, 13e rue LID - BP 27 06511 Carros cedex, France
  • Suong Thao Nguyen Fish Pathology Department, Faculty of Fisheries, Nong Lam University, Quarter 6, Linh Trung, Thu Duc City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • Tao Tai Chau Department of Coastal Aquaculture, College of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Can Tho University, Campus II, 3/2 Street, Ninh Kieu District, Cantho Province, Vietnam
  • Loan Nguyen TK Pharmaceutical Development Lab, Virbac RDL Lab, Song May IP, Trang Bom District, Dongnai Province, Vietnam
  • Audric Touchet Aquaculture Division, Virbac, 13e rue LID - BP 27 06511 Carros cedex, France
  • Gaetan Gutter Aquaculture Division, Virbac, 13e rue LID - BP 27 06511 Carros cedex, France
  • Philippe Mahl Aquaculture Division, Virbac, 13e rue LID - BP 27 06511 Carros cedex, France
  • Hoang Phan Aquaculture Division, Virbac, 13e rue LID - BP 27 06511 Carros cedex, France https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1574-8455

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/1811-4989/15781

Keywords:

growth, mineral, molting, survival, trace element, whiteleg shrimp

Abstract

Whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) is now the main species cultivated in various geographic locations. Whiteleg shrimp have a wide range of salinity tolerance, but a matter of deficiency of minerals and trace elements need to be taken care of when shrimp are grown in low saline area. It may induce higher mortality and slower growth performances of shrimp. Two stages of shrimp juveniles were subsequently tested with different formulae of a liquid nutraceutical of essential minerals and trace elements. Each stage was performed in a 28-day trial with follow-up parameters of shrimp growth indices and environmental changes throughout the tests. The use of mineral supplementation in whiteleg shrimp diet in low salinity area significantly increased growth performance, survival rate and color intensity. This study has demonstrated the efficacy of a liquid form of mineral supplement product administered by top-coating onto the feed to shrimp during 4 weeks of grow-out at 5‰ salinity, but the application was dependent on formula and dose. Further research on application regime using this liquid mineral product should be performed to optimize a protocol for a whole culture crop as different stages of shrimp may require different supplementation doses.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Boyd CE (1998) Water quality for pond aquaculture. International Centre for Aquaculture and Aquatic Environments. Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Alabama Res Dev Ser 43: 115-119.

Cheng KM, Hu CQ, Liu YN, Zheng SX, Qi XJ (2006) Effects of dietary calcium, phosphorus and calcium/phosphorus ratio on the growth and tissue mineralization of Litopenaeus vannamei reared in low-salinity water. Aquaculture 251(2-4): 472-83.

Chitra V, Muralidhar M, Saraswathy R, Dayal JS, Lalitha N, Thulasi D, Nagavel A (2017) Mineral availability from commercial mineral mixtures for supplementation in aquaculture pond waters of varying salinity. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 5(4): 430-434.

FAO (1978) Manual on pond culture of penaeid shrimp. Available at http://www.fao.org/3/ac006e/AC006E00.htm#TOC.

Gopalakrishnan A, Rajkumar M, Sun J, Martin GG, Parida A (2011) Impact of mineral deposition on shrimp, Penaeus monodon in a high alkaline water. Journal of Environmental Biology 32(3): 283.

Hays VW (1985) Minerals and bones. In Swenson MJ, ed. Dukes’ Physiology of Domestic Animals, Tenth Edition: 449-466.

Jannathulla R, Dayal JS, Chitra V, Ambasankar K, Muralidhar M (2017) Growth and carcass mineralisation of Pacific whiteleg shrimp Penaeus vannamei Boone 1931 in response to water salinity. Indian Journal of Fisheries 64(2): 22-27.

Kanazawa A, Teshima S, Sasaki M (1984) Requirements of the juvenile prawn for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, copper, manganese and iron. Mem Fac Fish: 33: 63-71.

Li E, Chen L, Zeng C, Chen X, Yu N, Lai Q, Qin JG (2007) Growth, body composition, respiration and ambient ammonia nitrogen tolerance of the juvenile white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, at different salinities. Aquaculture 265(1-4): 385-390.

Lo CF, Ho CH, Peng SE, Chen CH, Hsu HC, Chiu YL, Chang CF, Liu KF, Su MS, Wang CH, Kou GH (1996) White spot syndrome baculovirus (WSBV) detected in cultured and captured shrimp, crabs and other arthropods. Diseases of aquatic organisms 27(3): 215-225.

Martínez A, Romero Y, Castillo T, Mascaró M, López-Rull I, Simões N, Arcega-Cabrera F, Gaxiola G, Barbosa A (2014) The effect of copper on the color of shrimps: redder is not always healthier. PloS one 9(9):e107673.

Nguyen NT, Chim L, Lemaire P, Wantiez L (2014) Feed intake, molt frequency, tissue growth, feed efficiency and energy budget during a molt cycle of mud crab juveniles, Scylla serrata (Forskål, 1775), fed on different practical diets with graded levels of soy protein concentrate as main source of protein. Aquaculture 434: 499-509.

Ozcan M (2004) Mineral contents of some plants used as condiments in Turkey. Food chemistry 84(3): 437-440.

Piedad-Pascual F (1989) Mineral requirement of penaeids. In Advances in Tropical Aquaculture, Workshop at Tahiti, French Polynesia.

Roy G (2020) Biomimicry-Biofloc-Aquamimicry-An Introspection: TALK BY - GOUTAM ROY, 1st Edition. Aquatic Culture Org: 29.

Sakthivel A, Selvakumar P, Gopalakrishnan A (2014) Effect of mineral deposition on shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in high alkaline water of Pennar River, Andhra Pradesh of Southeast Coast of India. Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development 5(4): 1.

Saoud IP, Davis DA, Rouse DB (2003) Suitability studies of inland well waters for Litopenaeus vannamei culture. Aquaculture 217(1-4): 373-383.

Sirikharin R, Taengchaiyaphum S, Sritunyalucksana K, Thitamadee S, Flegel TW, Mavichak R, Proespraiwong P (2014) A new and improved PCR method for detection of AHPND bacteria. Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA) 7(9).

Valenzuela-Madrigal IE, Valenzuela-Quiñónez W, Esparza-Leal HM, Rodríguez-Quiroz G, Aragón-Noriega EA (2017) Effects of ionic composition on growth and survival of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei culture at low-salinity well water. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 52(1): 103-112.

Velasco M, Lawrence AL, Neill WH (1998) Effects of dietary phosphorus level and inorganic source on survival and growth of Penaeus vannamei postlarvae in zero-water exchange culture tanks. Aquatic Living Resources: 29-33.

Downloads

Published

2022-03-30

How to Cite

Viet Do, P., Thao Nguyen, S., Tai Chau, T., Nguyen TK, L., Touchet, A., Gutter, G., Mahl, P., & Phan, H. (2022). Growth assessment of various formulae of essential minerals and trace elements on whiteleg shrimp at different salinities. Vietnam Journal of Biotechnology, 20(1), 125–133. https://doi.org/10.15625/1811-4989/15781

Issue

Section

Articles