Chemical constituents of some essential oils bearing plants growing wild in Vietnam

Nguyen Phuong Hanh, Nguyen Thi Hien, Nguyen Quoc Binh, Dinh Thi Thu Thuy
Author affiliations

Authors

  • Nguyen Phuong Hanh Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Ha Noi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Thi Hien Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Ha Noi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Quoc Binh Vietnam National Museum of Nature, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Ha Noi, Vietnam
  • Dinh Thi Thu Thuy Institute of Natural Product Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Ha Noi, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/2615-9023/18944

Keywords:

Zingiber pellitum, Basilicum polystachyon, Litsea baviensis, hydrodistillation, essential oil.

Abstract

The essential oils of three plants were isolated by hydrodistillation and their constituents were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/flame ionization detection (GC/MS-FID) method. 29 compounds representing 99.00% of the total oil of inflorescences of Zingiber pellitum were identified, consisting mainly of α-pinene (5.34%), β-caryophyllene (39.13%) and α-humulene (36.69%). For Basilicum polystachyon, 41 and 37 components were identified in the leaf and flower oils, accounting for 91.32% and 92.44% of the total oils, respectively. Germacrene D (16.33% and 16.32%), germacrene B (14.95% and 16.23%), α-cubebene (13.38% and 19,04%), α-copaene (5.81% and 5.77%), δ-cadinene (4.78% and 4.18%), β-cis-elemene (4.34% and 4.66%), and γ-elemene (4.31% and 4.72%) were the major constituents in both oils. For the leaves of Litsea bavienes, 40 components were identified, representing 91.73% of the total oil contents, in which hepten-3-one (70.46%) was the most abundant compound in this oil. The chemical constituents of essential oils from Z. pellitum (inflorescences), B. polystachyon (leaves and flowers) and L. baviensis (leaves) were being reported for the first time.

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Published

28-12-2023

How to Cite

Nguyen Phuong, H., Nguyen Thi Hien, Nguyen , Q. B., & Dinh, T. T. T. (2023). Chemical constituents of some essential oils bearing plants growing wild in Vietnam. Academia Journal of Biology, 45(4), 83–92. https://doi.org/10.15625/2615-9023/18944

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