Effects of simulated microgravity on senescent human fibroblasts

Authors

  • Ly Ngoc Cang University of Science, Vietnam National University of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • Hoang Nghia Quang Huy Institute of Tropical Biology, VAST , Vietnam
  • Hoang Nghia Son Institute of Tropical Biology, VAST, Vietnam
  • Le Thanh Long Institute of Tropical Biology, VAST, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/2615-9023/16836

Keywords:

cell cycle, cell viability, human fibroblast, senescence.

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the effects of simulated microgravity (SMG) on senescent human fibroblasts (HFs). The HFs were treated with 150 µM H2O2 in a culture medium for 90 minutes for senescent induction. The senescent HFs were induced SMG for 72 hours by a Gravity simulator, while the control group was treated in the same CO2 incubator. Cell morphology analysis showed that the SMG condition retrieved the fibroblastic morphology from the senescence. WST1 assay and cell counting indicated that the senescent HFs viability from the SMG group was higher than the control group (OD value of 0.80 ± 0.13 vs. 0.64 ± 0.11, respectively). In cell cycle progression, the G0/G1 cell percentage of senescent HFs from the SMG group was reduced, compared to the control group (45.84 ± 1.37% vs. 57.22 ± 1.56%, respectively). The senescent HFs from the SMG group exhibited a lower nuclear area than the control group (186 ± 4 µm2 vs. 217 ± 8 µm2, respectively). This resulted in the performance of a higher nuclear shape value of senescent HFs from SMG, compared to the control group (0.74 ± 0.02 vs. 0.70 ± 0.01, respectively). SMG condition caused the down-regulation of the senescence-related transcript. These results found that SMG could regain the normal characteristics of HFs from the senescence.

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References

This study aimed to assess the effects of simulated microgravity (SMG) on senescent human fibroblasts (HFs). The HFs were treated with 150 µM H2O2 in a culture medium for 90 minutes for senescent induction. The senescent HFs were induced SMG for 72 hours by a Gravity simulator, while the control group was treated in the same CO2 incubator. Cell morphology analysis showed that the SMG condition retrieved the fibroblastic morphology from the senescence. WST1 assay and cell counting indicated that the senescent HFs viability from the SMG group was higher than the control group (OD value of 0.80 ± 0.13 vs. 0.64 ± 0.11, respectively). In cell cycle progression, the G0/G1 cell percentage of senescent HFs from the SMG group was reduced, compared to the control group (45.84 ± 1.37% vs. 57.22 ± 1.56%, respectively). The senescent HFs from the SMG group exhibited a lower nuclear area than the control group (186 ± 4 µm2 vs. 217 ± 8 µm2, respectively). This resulted in the performance of a higher nuclear shape value of senescent HFs from SMG, compared to the control group (0.74 ± 0.02 vs. 0.70 ± 0.01, respectively). SMG condition caused the down-regulation of the senescence-related transcript. These results found that SMG could regain the normal characteristics of HFs from the senescence.

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Published

23-06-2022

How to Cite

Ngoc Cang, L., Quang Huy, H. N., Nghia Son, H., & Thanh Long, L. (2022). Effects of simulated microgravity on senescent human fibroblasts. Academia Journal of Biology, 44(2), 115–122. https://doi.org/10.15625/2615-9023/16836

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Section

Articles