First record of bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from mangrove in Dam Nai area, Ninh Thuan province, central Vietnam
Dam Nai is one of the twelve best known lagoons in south central Vietnam. Habitats in and around the largoon and its surroundings are quite diverse including mangrove, bushes, rice fields and fruit tree farms which are ecologically suitable for many animals including bats. However, bats in this area still receives very little attention from scientists. The author conducted a series of bat surveys since 2017 for the primary understanding of bats inhabiting this area before the establishment of a wind farm. The results show the records of two nationally rare fruit bat species, Cynopterus brachyotis and Macroglossus minimus, from mangrove in this area. Morphological features and detailed records of these two species are given in this paper with recommendations for further researches for conservation.
Bates P. J. J., Harrison D. L., 1997. Bats of the Indian Subcontinent. Harrison Zoological Museum, Sevenoaks, Kent, United Kingdom, 297 p.
Borissenko A. V., Kruskop S. V., 2003. Bats of Vietnam and Adjacent Territories: an identification manual. Joint Russian-Vietnamese Science and Technological Tropical Centre, Moscow and Hanoi, Russia and Vietnam, 212 p.
Brunet-Rossinni A. K. Wilkinson G. S., 2009. Methods for age estimation and the study of senescence in bats. In: Kunz T. H., Parsons S. (eds.) Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats, 2nd edition, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, pp. 315−325.
DEP [Department of Environmental Protection of Vietnam], 2015. Overview of the current status of wetlands in Vietnam after 15 years implementing the Ramsar Convention. Hanoi, Vietnam, 72 p.
GOV [Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam]: Decision ID 45/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister, date 08th January 2014, on approval of the general national plans for biodiversity conservation by 2020 with vision by 2030, 37 p.
Vu Manh Hung, Nguyen Dac Ve, Dam Duc Tien, Cao van Luong, Pham Van Chien, 2014 Styding, assessing the structure and determining its potential carbon sequestration in Nai Lagoon, Ninh Thuan province, Vietnam. Proceedings of the 2nd Conference on marine biology and sustainable development: 97−106 (in Vietnamese with English abstract).
Kruskop S. V., 2013. Bats of Vietnam: Checklist and an identification manual. Moscow, Russia, 299 p.
Nguyen Van Quan, Nguyen Dac Ve, Dang Hoai Nhon, Chu The Cuong, Nguyen Thu Huyen, 2015. Preliminary evaluation of area change and degradation of ecosystems in Nai Lagoon in Ninh Thuan province. Journal of Science and Development, 13(7): 1109−1118 (in Vietnamese with English abstract).
Racey P. A., 2009. Reproductive assessment in bats. pp. 249–264 in Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats (T. H. Kunz and S. Parsons, eds.). 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, pp. 249−264.
Sikes R.S., ACUCASM (the Animal Care and Use Committee of the American Society of Mammalogists), 2016. Guidelines of the American Society of Mammalogists for the use of wild mammals in research and education. Journal of Mammalogy, 97(3): 663−688.
Csorba G., Bumrungsri S., Bates P., Gumal M., Kingston T., Molur S., Srinivasulu C., 2019. Cynopterus brachyotis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T6103A22113381.
Francis C., Rosell-Ambal G., Sedlock J., Ingle N., McKenzie G., Richards N. 2008.
Macroglossus minimus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T12594A3363390.
MOST & VAST [Ministry of Science and Technology & Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology], 2007. Vietnam Red Data Book, part I: Animals, Publishing House for Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam.
Dang Huy Huynh (ed.), Dao Van Tien, Cao Van Sung, Pham Trong Anh, Hoang Minh Khien, 1994. Checklist of mammals in Vietnam. Publishing house science and technics, Hanoi, Vietnam, 163 p.
Dang Ngoc Can, Hideki Endo, Nguyen Truong Son, Tatsuo Oshida, Le Xuan Canh, Dang Huy Phuong, Darrin Peter Lunde, Shin-Ichiro Kawada, Akiko Hayashida, Motoki Sasaki, 2008. Checklist of wild mammal species of Vietnam, Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Japan (in Vietnamese).
Hoang Trung Thanh, Nguyen Truong Son, Vu Thuy Duong, Nguyen Thanh Luong, Dao Nhan Loi, Vu Dinh Thong, 2019. New records and morphological assessments of long-nosed fruit bats (chiroptera: pteropodidae: Macroglossus spp.) from Vietnam. Academia Journal of Biology, 41(4): 117−124.