A Comparative Study of Optical Bistability in Three-Level EIT Configurations

Doai Van Le, Phuong Thi Minh Le, Anh Tuan Nguyen, Son Hoai Doan, Khoa Xuan Dinh, Sau Ngoc Vu, Bang Huy Nguyen

Abstract


We present a comparative study of optical bistability (OB) in three-level atomic configurations, including $\Lambda $-, cascade-, and V- types under the conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). In the steady regime, the input-output intensity relations for the OB in each configuration have been derived in analytical form. The model allows one to construct a clear picture on how the threshold intensity, and other characteristics of the OB are continuously modified with respects to controllable parameters of the laser fields, cooperation parameter, and other physical parameters of atomic system. The results showed that the threshold intensity of OB in \(\Lambda \)-type system is much less than the other ones and the threshold intensity of OB in V-type system is the largest one. The analytical result is convenient to choose excitation configuration for experimental observations and related applications in photonic devices.

Keywords


optical bistability, electromagnetically induced transparency, coherent optical effects

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/0868-3166/28/2/12541

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