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Effect of nanosilica/chitosan hybrid on leaf blast and blight diseases of rice in Vietnam

Le Nghiem Anh Tuan, Lai Thi Kim Dung, Nguyen Quoc Hien, Dang Van Phu, Bui Duy Du

Abstract


Nanosilica/chitosan (NSi/CTS) hybrid material was prepared using nanosilica (32.5 nm) from rice husk ash (RHA) and chitosan (CTS), and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD). The obtained NSi/CTS was used for protection of rice leaf from blast disease (Piriculariaoryzae) and blight disease (Xanthomonasoryzae). Results indicated that foliar spraying of NSi/CTS with 100 ppm NSiand150 ppm CTS were effective against blast and blight diseases on rice (Oryza spp.). The leaf blast disease index (DI) (1.49 %) and the blight DI (1.45 %) were significantly decreased compared with control of 8.08 % and 9.29 %, respectively at 14th day after the first treatment. Thus, NSi/CTS hybrid material is promising to use for controlling plant diseases, particularly for rice.

Keywords


Nanosilica, chitosan, blast, blight disease, rice.

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