Điều chế vật liệu nano SiO2 cấu trúc xốp từ tro trấu để hấp phụ xanh metylen trong nước

Đặng Thị Thanh Lê, Nguyễn Văn Hưng, Nguyễn Ngọc Bích, Nguyễn Hữu Nghị, Trần Hữu Bằng

Abstract


Mesoporous silica nanoparticles was extracted successfully from rice straw ash (RSA) by using sodium hydroxide solution to produce a sodium silicate solution and then precipitated by adding HCl solution until the pH value about 3. The prepared products were characterized by EDX, XRD, SEM, TEM, FT-IR and BET methods. It was found that the optimal synthesis conditions for the preparation of SiO2 nanoparticles in the weight ratio RSA/NaOH = 1/2.4, respectively and products were calcined at 550oC in 2h. In this condition the obtained SiO2 powders were monoclinic crystal system, mesoporous structure and large specific surface area (258.3 m2/g). Moreover, the performance of nanosized SiO2 powders was tested by the adsorption of methylene blue in a batch system under different adsorbent dosage, different initial dye concentrations and different pH values. The results show that the maximum adsorption capacity was 20.41 mg.g-1 and a high pH is favorable for adsorption. Further, equilibrium isotherms of the adsorption of methylene blue on SiO2 fit well to both the Langmuir model and Freundlich model.


Keywords


Silica nanoparticles, mesoporous structure, rice straw ash, methylene blue, adsorbent

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