Multiple crack identification in stepped beam by measurements of natural frequencies
Keywords:Multi stepped beam, Rayleigh quotient, multi-crack detection, frequency based method, modal analysis
A new approach is proposed for calculating natural frequencies and crack detection in a stepped cantilever beam with arbitrary number of cracks. This is based an explicit expression of the natural frequencies in term of crack parameter derived in the form similar to the so-called Rayleigh quotient for vibrating beam. The obtained simple relationship between natural frequencies and crack parameters enables not only accurate calculating the natural frequencies but also to develop an efficient procedure for detecting multiple cracks from given natural frequencies. The proposed technique called crack scanning method is illustrated and validated by numerical results.
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