Methods for extracting and sequencing DNA from low-quality samples to aid biodiversity research

Authors

  • Le Duc Minh VAST
  • Duong Thuy Ha Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
  • Nguyen Van Thanh Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
  • Nguyen Manh Ha Centre for Natural Resouces and Environmental Studies, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
  • Dinh Doan Long Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi
  • Do Tuoc Forest Inventory and Planning Institute, Vietnam Administration of Forestry, Hanoi
  • Nguyen Dinh Hai Xuan Lien Natural Reserve, Thanh Hoa province

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/0866-7160/v35n1.2947

Keywords:

Muntiacus, Rafetus swinhoei, biotic survey, low-quality DNA, molecular techniques

Abstract

Surveying endangered and elusive species in their natural habitat poses an immense challenge to studies using conventional methods. This reality requires new survey techniques with higher efficiency to support fieldwork. Recently, along with progresses in biotechnology, survey techniques using molecular approaches have become more accessible, promising new applications, and in many cases assisting traditional survey methods in biodiversity research. However, a major difficulty of these techniques is recovering DNA from low-quality samples collected in survey areas. To help overcome this problem, in this study, we present a simple and highly efficient method for extracting and amplifying DNA from low-quality samples applicable in Vietnam’s context. Using this method, we successfully sequenced 30 bone, cartilage, and dry skin samples from two different vertebrate animals, muntjacs Muntiacus sp., and Shanghai softshell turtle, Rafetus swinhoei. Sequences, obtained in this study, play an important role in developing phylogenetic hypotheses and assessing genetic diversity of the two groups. This method can be applied in a variety of studies in future biotic survey and biodiversity research that would be benefited from obtaining DNA sequences of low-quality samples collected in the field in Vietnam.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Nguyen Van Thanh, Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi

Downloads

Published

16-04-2013

How to Cite

Minh, L. D., Ha, D. T., Thanh, N. V., Ha, N. M., Long, D. D., Tuoc, D., & Hai, N. D. (2013). Methods for extracting and sequencing DNA from low-quality samples to aid biodiversity research. Academia Journal of Biology, 35(1), 116–124. https://doi.org/10.15625/0866-7160/v35n1.2947

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)