SIZE DISTRIBUTION AND CONTRIBUTION OF PARTICLES FROM RICE STRAW OPEN BURNING TO THE ATMOSPHERE IN HANOI
Keywords:Rice straw open burning, ultrafine particles, fine particles, size distribution, atmosphere
Atmospheric ultrafine, accumulation mode and coarse fractions collected at representative rice straw open burning areas in Hanoi were investigated to identify characteristics of size distribution and contribution of particles emitted from rice straw (RS) burning season to the atmosphere. The sampling was conducted in two episodes: RS burning episode and RS non-burning episode at Dong Anh and Quoc Oai, in seven consecutive days for each sampling campaign from 2018 to 2019. In the RS burning episode, PM1-2.5 showed the highest fraction among all collected particles in both sampling sites, while PM2.5-10 was the most abundant in RS non-burning season. The average mass concentration of PM2.5 in RS burning period and RS non-burning period were 79.7 46.5 g m-3 and 65.2 21.9 g m-3, respectively at Dong Anh sampling site. Those values were 90.9 33.2 g m-3 in the QO_RS burning site and 71.9 29.3 g m-3 in the TM_RS non-burning site. The proportion of fine particle (PM2.5) at both sites were considerable higher in RS burning period as compared to non-burning period, while the concentration of ultrafineparticle (PM0.1) and coarse particle (PM>10m) were similar between two episodes. This result provides better understanding on size distribution and contribution of fine particles from open RS burning to the atmosphere in Hanoi, which is an useful information for the environmental managers to control RS open burning in Hanoi as well as in Vietnam.
Ahmed A.-R., Mohamed A., Moustafa M., and Nazmy H. – Mass concentrations and size distributions measurements of atmospheric aerosol particles (2014).
Begum B.A., Paul S.K., Hossain M.D., Biswas S.K., and Hopke P.K. – Indoor air pollution from particulate matter emissions in different households in rural areas of Bangladesh, Building and Environment 44 (2009) 898-903.
Birmili W., Heinke K., Pitz M., Matschullat J., Wiedensohler A., Cyrys J., Wichmann H.-E., and Peters A. – Particle number size distributions in urban air before and after volatilisation, Atmos. Chem. Phys 10 (2010) 4643-4660.
Fujitani Y., Kobayashi T., Arashidani K., Kunugita N., and Suemura K. – Measurement of the Physical Properties of Aerosols in a Fullerene Factory for Inhalation Exposure Assessment, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 5 (6) (2008) 380-389.
Harrison R.M., Shi J.P., Xi S., Khan A., Mark D., Kinnersley R., and Yin J. – Measurement of number, mass and size distribution of particles in the atmosphere, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 358 (2000) 2567-2580.
Ketzel M., Wahlin P., Kristensson A., Swietlicki E., Berkowicz R., Nielsen O.J., and Palmgren F. – Particle size distribution and particle mass measurements at urban, near-city and rural level in the Copenhagen area and Southern Sweden, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 4 (2004) 281-292.
Kuwabara H., Sekiguchi K., Sankoda K., Sakurai K., Yamaguchi R., Furuuchi M., and Hata M. – Evaluation of Artifacts Generated during Collection of Ultrafine Particles Using an Inertial Filter Sampler, Aerosol and Air Quality Research (2015) 1-12.
Luong L.M.T., Phung D., Sly P.D., Morawska L., and Thai P.K. – The association between particulate air pollution and respiratory admissions among young children in Hanoi, Vietnam, Science of the Total Environment (2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.08.012.
Moustafa M., Mohamed A., Ahmed A.-R., and Nazmy H. – Mass size distributions of elemental aerosols in industrial area, Journal of Advanced Research (2014). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2014.06.006.
Nghiem T.D., Nguyen T.T.T., Nguyen T.T.H., Ly B.T., Sekiguchi K., Yamaguchi R., Pham C.T., Ho Q.B., Nguyen M.T., and Duong T.N., Chemical characterization and source apportionment of ambient nanoparticles: a case study in Hanoi, Vietnam, Environmental Science and Pollution Research (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09417-5.
Nguyen T.T.T., Nghiem T.D., Sekiguchi K., Ly B.T., Nguyen T.T.H., and Yamaguchi R. – Mass Concentrations and Carbonaceous Compositions of PM0.1, PM2.5 and PM10 at Urban Locations in Hanoi, Vietnam, Aerosol and Air Quality Research 18 (2018) 1591-1605.
Nguyen T.T.T., Nghiem T.D., Sekiguchi K., Yamaguchi R., Pham C.T., Duong T.N., Ho Q.B., and Thai T.A. – Seasonal Variation of Concentrations and Carbonaceous Components of Nanoparficles at a Roadside Location of Hanoi, Vietnam, Proceedings of International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Management for Sustainable Development (2016) 81-86.
Nguyen T.T.T., Nghiem T.D., Sekiguchi K., Yamaguchi R., Pham C.T., and Ho Q.B. – Characteristics of elemental and organic carbon in atmospheric nanoparticles at different sampling locations in Vietnam, Vietnam Journal of Science and Technology 55 (3) (2017) 305-315.
Pham C.T., Do T.M., Nghiem T.D. – Determination emission level of selected air pollutants from rice straw open field burning in Gia Lam District, Hanoi. J. Agri. Sci. 16 (2) (2018) 152-160.
Pham C.T., Boongla Y., Nghiem T.D., Le H.T., Tang N., Toriba A., Hayakawa K. – Emission Characteristics of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Nitro-Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Open Burning of Rice Straw in the North of Vietnam. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 23-43, doi:10.3390/ijerph16132343
Pope C.A. III, PhD, Burnett R.T., PhD, Thun M.J., MD, Calle E.E., PhD, Krewski D., PhD, Ito K., PhD, and Thurston G.D., ScD – Lung Cancer, Cardiopulmonary Mortalityand Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Air Pollution, American Medical Association 287 (9) (2002) 1132-1141.
Pope C.A., III, Bates D.V., and Raizenne M.E. – Health Effects of Particulate Air Pollution: Time for Reassessment? Environmental Health Perspectives 103 (5) (1995) 472-480.
Pope C.A., III, Thun M.J., Namboodiri M.M., Dockery D.W., Evans J.S., Speizer F.E., and Heath C.W., Jr. – Particulate Air Pollution as a Predictor of Mortality in a Prospective Study of U.S. Adults, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 151 (1995) 669-674.
Salma I., Balashazy I., Winkler-Heil R., Hofmann W., and Zaray G. – Effect of particle mass size distribution on the deposition of aerosols in the human respiratory system, Aerosol Science 33 (2002) 119–132.
Tran D.T., Nguyen N.P., Nghiem T.D., Le H.T., Tu B.M., Alleman L.Y., Nguyen M.V., Pham T.D., Ha M.N., Dang N.M., Le V.C., and Nguyen V.N. – Assessment of Air Quality in School Environments in Hanoi, Vietnam: A Focus on Mass‐Size Distribution and Elemental Composition of IndoorOutdoor Ultrafine/Fine/Coarse Particles, Atmosphere 11 (2020). doi:10.3390/atmos11050519.
Venecek M.A., Yu X., and Kleeman M.J. – Utrafine Particulate Matter Source Contributions across the Continental United States, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (2018). https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-2018-833.
Zhu Y., Hinds W.C., Kim S., and Sioutas C. – Concentration and Size Distribution of Ultrafine Particles Near a Major Highway, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 52 (2002) 1032-1042.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with Vietnam Journal of Science and Technology agree with the following terms:
- The manuscript is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. When a manuscript is accepted for publication, the author agrees to automatic transfer of the copyright to the editorial office.
- The manuscript should not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holders. Authors have the right to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of their work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their websites) prior to or during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges or/and greater number of citation to the to-be-published work (See The Effect of Open Access).