A STUDY ON COMBINATION OF BIOCHAR AND ACTIVATED SLUDGE FOR REMOVING AMMONIUM FROM LOW C/N RATIO WASTEWATER
Keywords:biochar, ammonium, aerobic granular sludge, wastewater
Grey domestic wastewater from septic tank contains high nitrogen content and low C/N ratio. Therefore, the aerobic biological treatment is often not effective for ammonium and nitrogen removal. The aim of this work was to study the performance of nitrogen removal and production of aerobic granular sludge using biochar produced from coffee husk pyrolyzed at 350oC as biocarrier. It was performed under the lab-scale SBR systems. Low C/N ratio domestic wastewater was used for this work. Coffee husk biochar (CFH 350) was added into the systems at different dosage. As a result, the biochar made from coffee husk pyrolyzed at low temperature promoted the adhesion of sludge onto biochar surface. The particles size of biochar played an important role for adsorption and adhesion capacity of activated sludge on biochar. The growth rate of bacterial sludge was accelerated and higher than control sample when biochar was used with biochar dose of 15 g/L. Though nitrification rate was improved as the bacterial sludge was accelerated, however, at initial stage, the removal efficiency of COD and total nitrogen was not as high as compare to traditional activated aerobic sludge system.
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