EVALUATING FUTURE WATER QUALITY OF URBAN RIVERS IN HANOI UNDER EFFECT OF URBANIZATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE - THE APPLICATION OF WEAP MODEL FOR CAU BAY RIVER

Authors

  • Lan Huong Nguyen Faculty of Environmental Engineering, National University of Civil Engineering https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5450-3138
  • Viet Nga Thi Tran Faculty of Environmental Engineering, National University of Civil Engineering

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/58/3A/14370

Keywords:

urban river water quality, WEAP model, climate change, Hanoi water drainage development master plan.

Abstract

Every day, up to 750,000 cubic meters of wastewater in Hanoi metropolitan areas is discharged directly into rivers and lake, of which only 10% is treated to the Vietnamese standards. According to the water drainage development master plan for the capital city of Hanoi until 2030, the government aim at dealing with flooding and improve environmental sanitation for local residents. With respect to the baseline and Master plan implementation scenarios, this study evaluates the future water quality of urban rivers in Hanoi under the effect of urbanization and climate change using Water Evaluation And Planning tool (WEAP) and take the Cau Bay catchment as the case study. The result shows that, without implementation of wastewater treatment plant, the water quality of Cau Bay River will be worse with the DO in dry season is 0.2-1.2 mg/l and BOD is 52.0-55.0 mg/l. With the implementation of Master plan, the level of DO and BOD would be 7.1-7.3 mg/l and 7.0-13.8 mg/l respectively in the dry season whereas the values are 3.7 mgO/l and 36.1-41.8 mg/l in the wet season. The degradation of wastewater during the wet season is results from the combine- overflow sewage system as designed in the master plan.

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References

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Published

2020-05-25

Issue

Section

INTERNATIONAL FORUM ON GREEN TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT (IFGTM2021)