USING METAL WASTE SLAGS AS THE HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSTS OF OZONE FOR TREATMENT OF PULP WASTEWATER
Keywords:Pulp wastewater, metal slag, ozonation, heterogeneous catalyst, iron slag
Catalytic ozonation is one of the promising treatment methods for removal of persistent organic compounds from water and wastewater. In this study, some metal slags such as: iron slag, lead slag, zinc slag, cadmium slag and copper slag originated from solid waste of Thai Nguyen Non-ferrous Metals Limited Company, Vietnam were used as heterogeneous catalysts for ozonation process to remove organic compounds from pulp wastewater. The effects of the initial pH (pHi) of pulp wastewater and the metal slag dosage on efficiency of decolorization and mineralization of pulp wastewater, in term of COD were investigated. The results indicated that iron slag was the most suitable catalyst for treatment of pulp wastewater by ozonation process with the highest removal efficiency of COD, namely, after 120 min of ozonation (with flowrate of O3 of 3.038 g/h) of the pulp wastewater (initial COD 1809 mg/L), COD removal efficiency, respectively, reached 91,16%; 84%; 83,83 %; 83,91%; 83,41% and 83,14% in the presence of iron, copper, zinc, lead, cadmium slag and ozone alone. Simultaneously, the color was almost completely removed (95.55 – 98.79%) by ozonation processes with using all before-mentioned metal slags as heterogeneous catalysts and ozone alone. Maximum COD and color removal efficiency obtained at pH 7 for ozonation alone and its combinations with iron slag. Moreover, an increase in the iron slag dosage from 0.125 g/L to 2.0 g/L for O3/iron slag could enhance COD and color removal of pulp wastewater. The K values (apparent first-order rate constant values) showed that the COD removal rate followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. This study also indicated that the main constituent FeO presence in iron slag reaction with O3 in heterogeneous catalytic ozonation system enhances removal efficiency of color and COD of pulp wastewater.
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