THE STUDY ON OPTIMIZATION OF COPPER LEACHING FROM WASTE PCBs BY USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY
Recycling printed circuit boards (PCBs) is an important solution not only to treat hazardous waste but also to recover valuable materials. This research focus on optimizing the leaching copper process from waste PCBs to recycle. This process was performed in Fe2(SO4)3 solution at room temperature and using H2O2 as an oxidant. For optimization, response surface methodology was used to investigate the different parameters, including Fe2(SO4)3 concentration, volume of H2O2 addition and leaching time. Design Expert 10.0 software was applied to design the experiments and calculate the regression equation of the response function. As a result, a model was established which is compatible with the experimental data at the correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.99. The optimal conditions were identified as Fe2(SO4)3 concentration of 0.35 M, volume of H2O2 addition at 10 mL and leaching time of 10 h. Under this condition, leaching efficiency of 90.5 percent was achieved. After leaching, copper was recovered from extract solution by electrochemical technology with the efficiency of 85 percent. The results from this study hence proposed a very promising method for recycling copper in PCBs.
Authors who publish with Vietnam Journal of Science and Technology agree with the following terms:
- The manuscript is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. When a manuscript is accepted for publication, the author agrees to automatic transfer of the copyright to the editorial office.
- The manuscript should not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holders. Authors have the right to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of their work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their websites) prior to or during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges or/and greater number of citation to the to-be-published work (See The Effect of Open Access).