RESEARCH ON THE COMPONENT OF LIPID CLASSES, FATTY ACID, AMINO ACIDS FROM EGG AND BODY OF SEA URCHIN TRIPNEUSTES GRATILLA (LINNAEUS, 1758)
ABSTRACT – HCTN 06
The Sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) is a famous species of invertebrate member of the phylum Echinodermata of marine animals living in shallow tropical water. In Viet Nam, it is usually called by the name of yellow sea urchin. This species is mentioned much about its economic and commerce properties. Recently, many researchers have been paying attention to sea urchin because of its positive effect on human health. In terms of medicine and nutrition, the egg of yellow sea urchin was rich in Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs) and essential amino acids. In this research, we focused on determining the total lipid contents, the components of lipid classes and the compositions and contents of fatty acids, amino acids from the body and the egg of the yellow sea urchin T. gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) collected in Hon Tam, Nha Trang, Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam in 2016.
Although the yellow sea urchin T. gratilla has low percentage of total lipid in fresh weigh basis, they are full of essential lipid ingredients such as Wax and Hydrocabon (H + W), Triacylglycerol (TG), Monodiacylglycerol MDAG, Free Fatty Acid (FFA), sterol (ST), and Polar Lipid (PL). In both egg and body samples palmitic acid (16:0) was the most abundant fatty acid with the proportion of about 25%. In addition, arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) is dominent Omega-6 fatty acid in the Monounsaturated Fatty Acid group (MUFA). Furthermore, the research result also showed the very high percentages of omega-3 fatty acids in the egg and body of T. gratilla, with the total contents of 13.97% and 20.67% respectively, especially the presence of eicosapentaenoic fatty acid (C20:5n-3, EPA), a very valuable fatty acid. By the HPLC method, the research also found 17 amino acids in the egg and body of T. gratilla with the existence of 7 essential amino acids.
Keywords: Tripneustes gratilla, lipid classes, yellow sea urchin, echinodermata, fatty acid content.
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