Corrosion of stainless steel water storage tanks exposed in coastal atmospheric conditions


  • NHI TRU NGUYEN Department of Materials Technology, University of Technology-VNU HCM
  • MAI HAN TRAN KLP Chemtech Co.
  • ANH QUANG VU Department of Materials Technology, University of Technology-VNU HCM
  • HOANG TAM LUU Department of Materials Technology, University of Technology-VNU HCM
  • THI THAO NGUYEN BUI Department of Materials Technology, University of Technology-VNU HCM



Results of corrosion survey for stainless steel tanks used in water storage at various coastal areas are presented. Corrosion damages were revealed at both the outer and inner surfaces of tanks made of 304 and 201 steel grades. Corrosion deterioration was more severely observed for the atmospheric areas with higher airborne salinity and time of wetness.  Corrosion products examined by visual inspection and SEM-EDX technique show relatively distinctive characteristics for outer and inner surfaces which are attributed to different mechanisms of corrosion initiated by various corrosive agents in the atmosphere. Atmospheric chlorides from airborne sources are considered the main reason for causing corrosion of 304 and 201 steel grade water tanks.


Download data is not yet available.


Jung R.H., Tsuchiya H., Fujimoto S. - XPS characterization of passive films formed on Type 304 stainless steel in humid atmosphere, Corros. Sci. 58 (2012) 62-68.

Tsutsumi Y., Nishikata A., Tsuru T. - Monitoring of rusting of stainless steels in marine atmospheres using electrochemical impedance technique, J. Am. Electrochem. Soc. 153(7) (2006) B278-B282.

Tsutsumi Y., Nishikata A., Tsuru T. – Initial stage of pitting corrosion of type 304 of stainless steel under thin electrolyte layers containing chloride ions, J. Am. Electrochem. Soc. 152(9) (2005) B358-B363.

Street S.R., Mi N., Cook A.J.M.C., Mohammed-Ali H.B., Guo L.Y., Rayment T., Davenport A.J. - Atmospheric pitting corrosion of 304L stainless steel: the role of highly concentrated chloride solutions, Faraday Discuss. 180 (2015) 251-265.

Maier B., Frankel G.S. - Corrosion of bare stainless steel 304 under chloride solution droplets, J. Am. Electrochem. Soc. 157(10) (2010) C302-C312.

Al Ameri M., Yi Y., Cho P., Al Saadi S., Jang C., Beeley P. - Critical conditions for pit initiation and growth of austenitic stainless steels, Corros. Sci. 92 (2015) 209-216.

Ma X.M., Cheng Q.L., Zheng M., Cui F.Y., Hou B.R. - Monitoring Marine Atmospheric Corrosion by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy under Various Relative Humidities, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 10 (2015) 10402-10421.

Cheng C.Q, Klinkenberg L-I., Ise Y., Zhao J., Tada E., Nishikata A. - Pitting corrosion of sensitised type 304 stainless steel under wet-dry cycling condition, Corros. Sci. 118 (2017) 217-226.

Lien L. T. H. - Summarize the results of study on atmospheric corrosion in Vietnam, VJST 51(3) (2013) 379-391.

Maurice V., Marcus P. – Current developments of nanoscale insight into corrosion protection by passive oxide films, Curr. Opin. Solide State Mater. Sci. (2018), (in press).






3rd Intern Workshop CPM2018