EFFECT OF SOME ADDITIVES ON PROCESSBILITY, MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND MORPHOLOGY OF POLYOXYMETHYLENE/SILICA NANOCOMPOSITES
Keywords:polyoxymethylene, nanosilica, processibility, additives, mechanical property
Using additives for polyoxymethylene/silica (POM/SiO2) nanocomposite system is one of suitable solutions to improve processbility, mechanical properties, especially, elongation at break of the material. In this paper, the effect of some additives on the processbility, mechanical properties and morphology of polyoxymethylene/silica (POM/SiO2) nanocomposite was investigated. Zinc stearate (under the commercial name ultraflow – UTF), ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA), linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) and polylactic acid grafted 5 wt.% of polyethylene glycol (PELA) were used as additives for the nanocomposites. The obtained results showed that the preparing process of the POM/SiO2 nanocomposite becam more easily in the presence of PELA, UTF and EVA, corresponding to a lower torque and mixing energy. The PELA caused decrease in the E-modulus or hardness and increase in elongation at break as well as tensile strength of the POM/SiO2 nanocomposites. The SEM images showed that POM and nanosilica were less compatible in the nanocomposite using EVA, LLDPE and UTF and they were more compatible with using PELA.
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