APPLICATION OF A TRANSIENT HEAT CONDUCTION MODEL FOR DESIGN OF UREA PRILLING TOWER
Keywords:transient heat conduction, urea fertilizer, prilling tower, solidification.
Urea has highest nitrogen content up to 46.65 % in comparison with other fertilizers. Therefore, it is used widely in agriculture, forestry and additives for animal feed. Recently, Vietnam has 04 urea manufacturing plants in Bac Giang, Ninh Binh, Phu My and Ca Mau with total production estimated in 2014 to be 2,660 million Ton/year. Except for Ca Mau plant using granulator to produce urea granular, other plants are using prilling tower to produce prill urea. In a prilling tower, molten urea is sprayed form the top distributor. The droplets fall along the tower to exchange heat with countercurrent air flow for cooling and solidification. Until now, there is not any Vietnam engineering company having ability to design a prilling tower due to lack fundamental knowledge. In this paper, a transient heat conduction model was applied to determine the engineering parameters like cooling time and prilling tower high.
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