EFFECT OF ORGANIC LOADING RATE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF ANAEROBIC CO-DIGESTION DIGESTER TREATING FOOD WASTE AND SLUDGE WASTE
Keywords:sludge waste, organic fraction of food waste, anaerobic co-digestion, organic loading rate, methane yield.
This research was carried out to evaluate the effect of organic loading rate to the performance of anaerobic co-digestion digester treating organic fraction of food waste (FW) and sludge waste (SW) from wastewater treatment plant. The experiment was conducted in two runs: Run S50, substrate contained 50 % of FW and 50 % of SW in term of volatile solid (VS) concentration; Run S100 (control run) contained 100 % SW in the influent substrate. The experiment was performed in a 3L working volume reactor at ambient temperature with three levels of organic loading rate (OLR) as 2; 4; 6 kgVS/m3/day, the duration of experiment was 18 days for each level of OLR. As results, the average of biogas production rate (BPR) at OLR 2;4;6 kgVS/m3/day,in Run S50 and Run S100 was 390 – 520; 860 – 1220; 1140 - 2440 ml/day and 160 – 300; 560 – 640; 700 - 1400 ml/day, respectively. The maximum methane yield (mlCH4/gVSadded/day) of organic loading rate 2; 4; 6 kgVS/m3/day was 118.96; 326.49; 628.20 for Run S50 and; 58.28; 160.27; 255.54 for Run S100, respectively. In conclusion, Run S50 always produced higher biogas production rate and higher methane yield at all 3 OLR levels. The higer OLR could enhance BPR and methane yield but at OLR 6 kgVS/m3/day made unstable performance and high concentration of COD in the effluent. Therefore, in this experimental conditions it has better operation at OLR under 6 kgVS/m3/day for the stable performance of reactors.
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