HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS OF NANO BILAYERED V2O5 AND ELECTROCHEMICAL BEHAVIOR IN NON–AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTES LiPF6 AND NaClO4
Keywords:electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, kinetics, lithium’s intercalation, sodium’s intercalation, bilayered V2O5.
This work aimed to prepare bilayered V2O5 by hydrothermal route from vanadium (III) chloride (VCl3). According to XRD results, bilayered V2O5 showed a large interlayer spacing around 11.3 Å. The electrochemical properties of bilayered V2O5 were carried out by cyclic voltammetry and charge–discharge testing in non–aqueous electrolytes LiPF6 and NaClO4. The curves charge–discharge showed that mechanism of insertion/extraction of Li+ ions and Na+ ions were occurred on a solution solid without the phase transition. Moreover, specific capacity for lithium and sodium intercalation of bilayered V2O5 were found out 250 mAh/g and 200 mAh/g, respectively. The kinetic of lithium’s and sodium’s insertion was evaluated by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The EIS results exhibited a stabilization of charge transfer in both case and a slow kinetic of sodium’s diffusion compared to lithium’s case due to the large ionic radius of sodium.
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