REMOVAL OF Ni2+ FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ADSORPTION ONTO TEA WASTE–DERIVED ACTIVATED CARBON
Keywords:removal of Ni2 , tea waste, response surface methodology, activated carbon.
Activated carbon from a locally available and widespread tea waste source was fabricated, characterized and used as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of Ni2+ from aqueous solutions. The response surface methodology (RSM) and central composite design (CCD) were used to investigate the effect of the essential variables including initial concentration, adsorbent dosage and pH solution on the absorption of Ni2+. The order polynomial regression equations–based model has been developed and found to be statistically significant by values of the coefficients of determination (R2) closer than 1.0 and the P–values < 0.0001 from analysis of variance (ANOVA). Based on the predicted optimum conditions, actual experiment was employed to obtain the maximum percentage of Ni2+ removal efficiency (96.6 %). There is no doubt that the use of tea waste as abundant raw material for the preparation of activated carbon to remove Ni2+from aqueous solutions by five times with negligible change is a promising way.
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