ADSORPTIVE REMOVAL OF FIVE HEAVY METALS FROM WATER USING BLAST FURNACE SLAG AND FLY ASH
AbstractHeavy metals can be serious pollutants of natural water bodies causing health risks to humans and aquatic organisms. A study was conducted to remove five heavy metals from water by adsorption onto an iron blast furnace slag and a fly ash in batch experiments. Increase of pH increased adsorption of all metals. Equilibrium adsorption of all metals was successfully modelled using Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich models, with Freundlich model fitting the data the best. Langmuir adsorption maximum at pH 6.5 for fly ash ranged 3.4 - 5.1 mg/g with the adsorption capacity for the metals in the order, Pb > Cu > Cd, Zn, Cr. The corresponding values for furnace slag were 4.3 - 5.2 mg/g, and the order of adsorption capacities, Pb, Cu, Cd > Cr > Zn. The kinetics of adsorption fitted well to both the pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order models, but the fit was slightly better for the pseudo-second order model.
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